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MDT-UML2Tools How To Use UML Profiles


UML cannot cover needs of all possible domains. Standard UML metamodel has to be augmented in order to meet requirements of a particular domain. That's why Profile mechanism was created - a way to create a lightweight extension of Standard UML.


Here is the workflow of creating and using UML profile:


Create Profile

Create Profile Definition Diagram

First, create Profile Definition Diagram using wizard 'Profile Definition Diagram' from 'UML 2.1 Diagrams' located in File > New > Other > ... menu item.
Profile is a root element of the created diagram.
Key elements of Profile Definition diagram are:

  • Profile
  • Stereotype
  • Metaclass
  • Extension link

18.10 Defining a simple EJB profile.gif
Zipped diagram is here

Define Profile

When profile is completely finished, it's time to define it. This is obligatory step in our workflow, because it saves defined profile as a static Ecore structure in the UML model, it allows subsequent use of profile content.
In order to define a profile in UML2 Tools call action "Profile > Define" from the context menu of the profile diagram:

Register Profile

Adding profile to the registry simplifies profile application later. The step can be omitted.
Profiles are registered in plugin descriptor (plugin.xml file) using 'org.eclipse.uml2.uml.dynamic_package' extension point. The plugin should be deployed to the platform later.
For example, UML Standard profile is registered this way:

    <profile uri="" location="platform:/plugin/org.eclipse.uml2.uml.resources/profiles/Ecore.profile.uml#_0"/>

Use Profile

Apply Profile

In order to allow to apply the stereotypes defined in the profile to elements in the model, profile should be applied.
To Apply profile call 'Apply Profile> [Profile Name]' action from the context menu of the diagram:
What profiles appears in the drop-down list in the 'Apply Profile' action? Only those profiles that had been registered (see #Register Profile) or profiles from loaded resources(see #Load resource). To make the particular profile appear in the list, register it or load corresponding *.profile.uml resource.

Load resource

In order to load resource defining profile:

  1. Call 'Load resource...' action from the context menu of the diagram.
  2. In the displayed wizard choose 'Browse Workspace...' button.
  3. Choose needed resource, file containing profile ends with 'profile.uml' :


Apply Stereotype

The final step in creating extended element is applying a stereotype. Stereotypes can be applied to both nodes and links. Create an element of the extended metaclass, in the context menu of the newly-created element call 'ApplyStereotype>[name of stereotype]':
Now element is extended.

Apply stereotype using label in-place editor

Another way to apply a stereotype is to use stereotype label in-place editor. Select stereotype label and type comma-separated list of stereotypes. Added to the list stereotypes will be applied, if a stereotype was removed from the list, it will be un-applied:
ApplyProfile inplace.jpg

Extended element

The extended element is labeled with a name of the applied stereotype in the guillemets:
Tagged values (properties of the applied stereotype) will be shown and editable in the 'Tagged Values' tab of the Properties View:

For more information about working with Profile reference Introduction_to_UML2_Profiles tutorial.

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