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Hudson-ci/Containers/IBM WebSphere

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Hudson-bust.png Using IBM WebSphere as a Container

Hudson 1.291 or above requires WebSphere or above. Hudson will NOT work on WebSphere versions -

Installation procedure

There are two ways to install Hudson on WAS:

  • Manually through the Admin console
  • Automated through the WAS scripting interface

Admin console installation

The installation instructions are simple as for each WAR Module.

  • Start the installation wizard under Applications - Install new application.
  • Select hudson.war and enter the context root for the application - for example hudson

After finishing the wizard go to the installed application (hudson_war for example) and perform the following steps to change the classloader mode:

  • Click Manage Modules
  • Click Hudson
  • From the "Class loader order" drop-down select "Classes loaded with application class loader first"
  • Save the changes
  • Restart the server - this is necessary to apply the changed class loader mode. You need to restart only the server onto which hudson is installed

Installing through wsadmin

Information Needed
This section needs to be verified / checked for WAS 7. The old wiki indicated that this only works for 6.1
A jacl script called hudson.jacl and configuration file are provided to install and configure hudson on WAS 6.1 ND. 

Before running hudson.jacl make the necessary changes in the file - adjust the server envoronment, the context root, the virtual host mapping and optional the hudson home directory. After that run following command from the deployment manager bin directory:

wsadmin(.sh) -f <path_to_hudson.jacl>/hudson.jacl <>/ <command> <path_to_hudson.war>/hudson.war

where the <command> is:

  • deploy - use it for first time installation. it performs installation only
  • redeploy - use it to upgrade hudson. It uninstalls previously installed hudson instance and installs the new version from the hudson.war
  • undeploy - use to uninstall hudson. In this case the last parameter is not necessary.

The paths must be provided in UNIX style even on Windows - d:/test/hudson/hudson.war instead of d:\test\hudson\hudson.war

After successfully installation the server must be restarted manually - the script doesn't provide this functionality at the moment, but the stopServer and startServer commands can be used for this purpose.

If security is enabled on the server either provide \-user and \-password arguments to the command or adjust the soap.client.props file with the login information in order to be able to connect to the server's admin interface. 

The script is not tested with the base server edition, but should work on it - the only change is to disable the node synchronization in the saveConfigAndSync procedure - the line to comment can be found in hudson.jacl - search for BASE or for saveConfigAndSync. 

Installation using Jython Scripts

These scripts make heavy use of '', a large monolithic jython library for WebSphere Administration. The original scripts can be found here Sample Scripts for WebSphere Application Server. The '' file that is included here has been modified to include some extra functions that were not present in the original.

There are four script files that have been provided. They have been tested under WAS 6.1 and AIX. Feedback is sought for WAS 7.0 and other platforms.


They are executed using the tool:

/was61/WebSphere/AppServer/bin/ -lang jython -f <<<script file>>>


Additional Setup

Please remember that a 64-bit JVM takes about 60% more heap space than a 32-bit JVM does. Size your VM, if using 64-bit, accordingly. I'm using 1Gb (-Xmx1024M) heap, as 512Mb was causing regular heap dumps due to out of memory errors.


This is simply how I do it. It does require additional machine resources, as it takes a complete JVM, but I prefer to create a server per application which provides for better application isolation and tuning capabilities.

CVS SSH authentication

For CVS ssh authentication the following environment entry is required in the application server: {{{1}}}. This can be set in the admin console in:

Application Servers / <server> / Java and Process Management / Process Definition / Environment Entries


Changing the WAR file to reference the newest dom4j library (see here):

  • Unpack hudson.war and navigate to WEB-INF/lib directory.
  • Download dom4j-1.6.1.jar and copy it to the WEB-INF/lib directory.
  • Delete dom4j-1.5.jar
  • Zip the war file again.
Do not remove dom4j-1.6.1-hudson-1.jar

Following steps should be done upgrading running hudson instance:

  • Backup the current configuration
tar -cvf hudsonXX.tar <hudson_home_dir> 
  • Redeploy hudson with the provided scripts as follows:

Edit to the environment and run (see Installing through wsadmin above for further information): -f hudson.jacl redeploy hudson.war

The above command assumes that is in PATH and hudson.jacl, and hudson.war are in the current dir.

  • Restart the application server.

Setting up WAS for the update center to work

As of version 1.23x? hudson provides update center. In order to be able to use it with the WebSphere's JDK a trusted certificate must be imported in the server's keystore. To acomplish this following steps are necessary:

  1. Download the RapidSSL root certificate from here .
  2. Install the certificate using keytool (command-line mode) or IBM Key Management (GUI mode).
  3. After importing the certificate the application server must be restarted. After that it should be possible to upgrade your plugins from the Update Center in Hudson (don't forget to set the proxy if you have one).

Importing the certificate using the keytool command (command-line mode)

keytool -import -trustcacerts -file rapidssl_01.cer -keystore <server_trust.p12> -storepass WebAS -storetype PKCS12 -alias rapidssl


  • <server_trust.p12> points to the trust.p12 file of the server on which hudson is running. It is found in {{<WAS_Install_Dir>/profiles/<profile>/config/cells/<cellname>/node/<nodename>}}.
  • The command uses the default WebSphere password for the keystore file (WebAS) - if it has been changed change the command accordingly.

Issuing the command brings a message that the certificate is found in the system wide keystore - confirm with yes that it should be updated.


$ cd /tmp $ wget <snip> $ /was61/WebSphere/AppServer/java/jre/bin/keytool -import -trustcacerts -file rapidssl_01.cer -keystore /was61/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles/AppSrv01/config/cells/localhostCell01/nodes/localhostNode01/trust.p12 -storepass WebAS -storetype PKCS12 -alias rapidssl Certificate already exists in system-wide CA keystore under alias <equifaxsecureca> Do you still want to add it to your own keystore? [no]: yes Certificate was added to keystore $ 

Importing the certificate using IBM Key Management (GUI mode)

  • Start ikeyman.bat/ located in <WAS_Install_Dir>/bin.
  • Go to Key Database File > Open.
  • In the Open_ window, set the _Key database type to PKCS12, then use the Browse button to locate the trust.p12 file (it's in <WAS_Install_Dir>/profiles/<profile>/config/cells/<cellname>/node/<nodename>).
  • Enter the password for this keystore (the default value is WebAS).
  • In the Key database content, select the Signer Certificates item.
  • Click on the Add... button, locate the certificate you've previously downloaded, and click on OK.
  • When asked to Enter a Label, set the value to rapidssl and click on OK.
  • Go to Key Database File > Save As... and overwrite the existing trust.p12 file (it's a good idea to make a copy of it before...).
  • When asked for a password, set it to the previous value (again, WebAS is the default one).
  • Exit from the tool.

Known Issues

JIRA Plugin

I'm experiencing VerifyError on WAS 7.0 trying to use the provided JIRA plugin due to dependencies on the Stax API included in the stax-api-1.0.1.jar. I've simply removed the jar file from hudson's lib directory and it works ok for me. For further details see this thread.

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