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Design Specification: JPQL Generic Function support

ER 350843

Document History

Date Author Version Description & Notes
08 November 2011 Gordon Yorke initial document creation
11 April 2012 James Sutherland feature completed

Project overview

The SQL spec and many databases have SQL functions that are not covered by the JPA specification. With the latest JPA specification the ability to call generic SQL functions will be added to the JPQL syntax. This feature will cover adding this support.


May functions like 'UTC_DATE' are supported by databases but not provided within JPQL. This feature will provide the functionality necessary to call a function by name using the keyword FUNCTION. The syntax takes the form:

function_invocation::= FUNCTION(function_name {, function_arg}*) function_arg ::=

                literal |
                state_field_path_expression |
                input_parameter |

The functionality was added to the Criteria API in JPA 2.0

   CriteriaBuilder.<T> Expression<T> function(String name, Class<T> type, Expression<?>... args);


Implement support for the FUNCTION keyword.

Design Constraints

Design / Functionality




Config files


Open Issues

This section lists the open issues that are still pending that must be decided prior to fully implementing this project's requirements.

Issue # Owner Description / Notes


This section lists decisions made. These are intended to document the resolution of open issues or constraints added to the project that are important.

Issue # Description / Notes Decision

Future Considerations

During the research for this project the following items were identified as out of scope but are captured here as potential future enhancements. If agreed upon during the review process these should be logged in the bug system.

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