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Equinox Transforms

There are bundles that exist in both the equinox bundles and equinox incubator projects that allow you to provide transformations of bundle resources at the OSGi level. Various example transformers exist (XSLT, sed, replacement) that can be used to transform any resource in a bundle including but not limited to plugin.xml, MANIFEST.MF, class files, etc.

How To Run The Examples

  1. Download Eclipse 3.2.1 or any subsequent release. This code has been tested with 3.2.1, 3.3.2, and 3.4.
  2. Check out the following projects from site :pserver:anonymous@dev.eclipse.org:/cvsroot/rt org.eclipse.equinox/components/bundles:
    • org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.hook
    • org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.xslt
  3. If you would like to see the XSLT example or use the replacement and SED transformers you will also need to check out the following projects from site :pserver:anonymous@dev.eclipse.org:/cvsroot/rt org.eclipse.equinox/incubator/components/bundles:
    • org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.util
    • org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.replace
    • org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.replace.images
    • org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.sed
    • org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.sed.manifest
    • org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.xslt.plugin
  4. Check out org.eclipse.osgi from :pserver:anonymous@dev.eclipse.org:/cvsroot/rt org.eclipse.equinox/framework/bundles (see bug 143696 for why this is necessary)
  5. From the Run menu, choose Run
  6. locate the example launch you wish to run and run it. They are named Replacement Transform Launch, Sed Transform Launch, and XSLT Transform Launch. Please note that the Sed launch will not work if you do not have the sed program available on your path. Please also note that the serialization of launches between different versions of Eclipse and between workspaces on varying OS platforms can sometimes be problematic. You may need to go to the Plug-Ins tab in the launch configuration and choose "Add Required Plug-Ins" to ensure that you have all of the required bundles.

How To Package Transformers for Distribution

The transformer bundles work via adaptor hooks. As such, they are framework extensions and follow slightly different rules than other bundles. For full documentation on how to use adaptor hooks in your application please see Adaptor Hooks.

  1. ensure that all bundles required for the desired transformations are available. This means typically means org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.hook , the bundle implementing the desired transform type (ie: org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.xslt), and the bundle that provides the transformation file(s) (ie: org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.plugin)
  2. create (either from scratch or by copying one from your existing product configuration) a config.ini file that has your both the bundle implementing the transformer type (ie: org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.xslt) as well as the bundle containing your particular transforms (ie: org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.xslt.plugin) listed on the osgi.bundles line with an eager start level. Ie: org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.xslt@1:\start, org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.xslt.plugin@1:\start. See the config.ini in org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.xslt.plugin for an example.
  3. ensure that the org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.hook bundle is expressed as framework extension bundle via the osgi.framework.extensions property in the config.ini file. Ie: osgi.framework.extensions=org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.hook

Omitting any of these steps will result in a configuration that will not have any transforms applied. Simply having the transform bundles present is not sufficient for them to be invoked.

How To Write Your Own Transforms

Writing transforms that utilize an existing transform type (ie: XSLT) is quite easy. Simply create a new bundle with an Activator. In that activator register a service as follows:

Properties properties = new Properties();
properties.put("equinox.transformerType", "xslt"); //$NON-NLS-1$ //$NON-NLS-2$
registration = context.registerService(URL.class.getName(), context.getBundle().getEntry("/transform.csv"), properties); //$NON-NLS-1$

In this bundle create a text file (in this case /transform.csv) that contains CSV separated values of the following form: bundle regular expression, path regular expression, transform url. For example, the line org\.eclipse\.team\.ui,plugin\.xml,/actionSetDefault.xslt in this CSV file specifies a bundle pattern of org\.eclipse\.team\.ui, a path pattern of plugin\.xml, and a transform url /actionSetDefault.xslt. When the transformer hook intercepts a call for a particular file in a particular bundle, all of the lines of the CSV are examined. If there is a match between the bundle pattern and the path pattern, the transformer of the specified type (specified by the equinox.transformerType property above) is invoked with the original input stream and an url that resolves to the resource actionSetDefault.xslt located in the root of this transform bundle. The transformer will then invoke some transformation based on the contents of the original resource as well as the contents of the transform url.

For an example of how a transform bundle is laid out please see org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.replace.images,org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.sed.manifest, and org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.xslt.plugin.


How To Write Your Own Transformer

Writing your own transformer is as easy as writing an OSGi service. To implement a transformer of your own devising, simply create a new bundle and create a class that contains a method with the signature public InputStream getInputStream(InputStream inputStream, URL transformerUrl) throws IOException. In this method, devise some code that is capable of returning an input stream which may or may not be derived from the supplied input stream. To determine the type of transform to apply, you may inspect the provided url. You may assume that this URL is resolvable to an actual data stream of some variety. In the activator of this bundle register a service as follows:

Properties properties = new Properties();
properties.put("equinox.transformerType", "myTransformType"); //$NON-NLS-1$ //$NON-NLS-2$
Object transformer = new MyTransformer();
registration = context.registerService(Object.class.getName(), transformer, properties);

This associates the transformer with the type "myTransformType." When transforms of that type are processed it will be your processor that is used.

For an example of how a transformer bundle is laid out please see org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.replace,org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.sed, and org.eclipse.equinox.transforms.xslt.