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< SMILA‎ | Specifications
Revision as of 09:50, 2 October 2009 by (Talk | contribs) (Idea 3 - Smart Resequencer: reworked to reflect newest ideas)

this page is very much a WIP and discussion is still happening on the dev list.

as the concept matures during the discussion this page will be updated in certain intervals.

this enhancement is tracked thru bug 289995

for the development i opened a new branch @

The Core Problem

MQs are inherently asynchronous but in the end we need to be sure that the final processing target reflects the correct state of the data source at any given time.

The needs of the final processing target might differ in their requirements. At this time we will only treat the case of an full text retrieval engine like lucene.

Indexing Requirements

  • the order needs only to be maintained on a per record base
  • older messages are always superseded by newer messages for a given resource and can therefore be removed from the MQ w/o further processing.

Operation N Operation N+1 expected index State after N+1
ADD A,t1 ADD A,t2 A,t2
ADD A,t1 DELETE A,t2 A doesn't exist
DELETE A,t1 ADD A,t2 A exists

(Special) Cases to be Covered

this section names the cases that need to be covered that dont come to mind imediately but still need to be considered nonetheless:

  • splitting of records
    this is more complicated. see the SRS class in code comment for its treatment
  • overflow of the SN
    a reset signal must be sent to SRS
  • what to do with recods that miss needed config data?
    handling depends on the process mode:
    • register: error
    • resequence: error for now, but outcome could be config'able
  • handling of unknown IDs

Idea 1 - Handle Resequencing in Connectivity

There was an idea to handle this case in the connectivity directly with the help of a buffer:

  1. each incoming operation for a requested resource is buffered for a period of time X.
    X is at minimum as long as the longest processing path takes for any given record. In the beginning this value is certainly chosen manually but with evaluating Performance Counters it should be possible to get X automatically or adjust it.
  2. during the time in the buffer, additional processing requests are consolidated to reduce load
  • lag
    all messages will have the lag of length X before the index is updated. for mass crawling this might be acceptable but in combination with agents this is in most cases not acceptable but will depend on the nature of application SMILA is used for.
  • no guarantee
    delaying processing will reduce the chances of mishaps but there is no guarantee that this is really so. especially when the processing chain is more complex such as in a cluster setup to spread processing load over several nodes. in such a scenario we will also need to take into account that some nodes may be down temporarily while retaining the records that were assigned to them.
  • simple to implement and has no effect on the API or other logic

Idea 2 - Full Resequencer

Synopis: The Resequencer will update the lucene index in the exact order as the crawler or agent adds records to the queue.

The processing will be like so:

  1. the router will feed Q1 with ADD and DELETE ops. For the resequencer to know the order a new meta info needs to be added -- the sequence number. it must be generated in the agent or by the agentcontroler
  2. the processing piplines are as normal but
    1. w/o the step of calling the lucene service
    2. they add the result to a new queue, Q2
  3. the Resequencer will listen on Q2 and picks up all messages
  4. starting with the first record, feed consecutive chunks of IDs to the lucene service
  5. when messages get lost in the DLQ then a timeout can solve this problem


  • no processing target can ask for more and correct result is always possible
  • it is possible to add a note into the index for records ending up in the DLQ, ie. record was not indexed due to processing error.


  • overkill, b/c there is no need to resequence all messages, only those with same ID

Idea 3 - Smart Resequencer (SRS)

Synopsis: The Smart Resequencer will only resequence the operation on a per record basis.
Rationale: in most cases records are independent of each other and so there is no need of ordering all records.

The processing is very similar to the Full Resequencer:

  1. the router will feed Q1 with ADD and DELETE ops.
    For the resequencer to know the order, a new meta info needs to be added -- the sequence number (SN). it must be generated in the agent or by the agent controller
  2. the Resequencer will
    1. get copies of the messages sent to Q1 via a 2nd Send task on the router, so that it can know what's going on, i.e. it maps IDs to SN
      these copies just need to contain the id and annotation holding the SN.
    2. enhancement:
      the SRS could remove obsolete older messages from Qs to stop them from being processed further.
      this needs the hash and SN to be present as a JMX property for the selector and doesnt cover the case of records currently processed in a pipline.
  3. the processing piplines stay as they are but
    1. w/o the step of calling the lucene service
    2. they add the result to a new queue, Q2
  4. the Resequencer will listen on Q2 and pick up all messages. for each message:
    1. IF its SN matches the one in the map THEN
      call the index service for the record
      ignore and skip operation
    2. remove ID from map


- smarter ;)


- ossilating resources (that constantly change) will never make it into the index.



Abrev Meaning
SN Sequence Number
SRS Smart Resquecer Service


  • replace the SN with a more general ComparableObject

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