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HowTo use the CDT to navigate Linux kernel source

Revision as of 19:27, 17 December 2009 by Cjashfor.us.ibm.com (Talk | contribs) (I actually used this to set up a new workspace and found some flaws in the instructions, which I have now fixed.)

Here are some steps that I've found to get the CDT to work well with the Linux kernel source. If you exclude some of these steps, it may still work to a large degree, but some things may not work exactly right; for example it may find the wrong include file for a C file.

Anyway, as you do these steps, I think you may understand how they assist the indexer to do a good job for the Linux kernel source.

Disclaimer: these steps were developed for Eclipse 3.5.1 + CDT 6.0.0.

  1. Download and install Eclipse plus the CDT.
  2. Configure and build your kernel. This can be done before or after downloading and installing Eclipse.
  3. Start up Eclipse.
  4. Click File->New->C Project
  5. Fill in a project name like my_kernel
  6. Uncheck the Use default location box and type in the root directory of your kernel into the Location box.
  7. In the Project type: pane, click the Makefile project and select Empty Project
  8. On the right side, select Linux GCC
  9. Click Finish
  10. Eclipse will start indexing the kernel source files, so double click on the little moving "activity" icon in the lower right part of the Eclipse window.
  11. Click the square red stop button on the indexer.
  12. Right click the top-level project in the Project Explorer pane on the left, and select Properties at the bottom.
  13. Select Resource on the left, and then in the Text file encoding section, select Other and ISO-8859-1 in the box, then click Apply
  14. Select C/C++ Build on the left.
  15. Click the Manage Configurations at the top right.
  16. Click New...
  17. Give it a name like Linux config and a similar description, and click OK
  18. Select your new configuration, and click Set Active and then Apply
  19. Open the C/C++ General selection on the left.
  20. Click on Indexer
  21. Checkmark the Enable project specific setttings box.
  22. Uncheck Index source files not included in the build
  23. Clear out the Files to index up-front box.
  24. Select Use active build configuration at the bottom, and click Apply
  25. Click on Paths and Symbols on the left.
  26. Select the Includes tab and then select GNU C
  27. Click Add...
  28. Click Workspace... then select your kernel's include directory
  29. Do another Add, Workspace and add arch/architecture/include, e.g., arch/powerpc/include
  30. Click the # Symbols tab
  31. Click Add...
  32. Set the name to __KERNEL__
  33. Set the value to 1 and click OK
  34. Click the Source Location tab
  35. Click the twisty for your project.
  36. Select the Filter item and click Edit Filter...
  37. Click Add Multiple... and then select all of the arch/* directories in your kernel source that will not be used (i.e. all the ones that are not for the architecture you are using)
  38. Click OK and OK again to dismiss that dialog.
  39. Click OK on the Properties dialog.
  40. Right click on the project again and select Index then select Rebuild
  41. It will take about 20 minutes or so to complete.

Corey Ashford cjashfor@us.ibm.com

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