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EclipseLink/UserGuide/JPA/Basic JPA Development/Mapping/Basic Mappings/Enumerated

EclipseLink JPA

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By default, EclipseLink persistence provider persists the ordinal values of enumerated constants.

Use the @Enumerated annotation to specify whether EclipseLink persistence provider should persist ordinal or String values of enumerated constants if the String value suits your application requirements, or to match an existing database schema:

You can use this annotation with the @Basic annotation.

@Enumerated Attributes
Attribute Description Default Required?
value By default, EclipseLink persistence provider assumes that for a property or field mapped to an enumerated constant, the ordinal value should be persisted. In the Usage of the @Enumerated Annotation example, the ordinal value of EmployeeStatus is written to the database when Employee is persisted.
If you want the String value of the enumerated constant persisted, set value to EnumType.STRING.

Given the enumerated constants in the Enumerated Constants example, the @Enumerated Annotation example, below, shows how to use the @Enumerated annotation to specify that the String value of SalaryRate should be written to the database when Employee is persisted. By default, the ordinal value of EmployeeStatus is written to the database.

Example: Enumerated Constants
 public enum EmployeeStatus {FULL_TIME, PART_TIME, CONTRACT}
 public enum SalaryRate {JUNIOR, SENIOR, MANAGER, EXECUTIVE}
Example: @Enumerated Annotation
 public class Employee implements Serializable{
     public EmployeeStatus getStatus() {
     public SalaryRate getRate() {
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For more information, see Section 9.1.21 "Enumerated Annotation" in the JPA Specification.

Version: 2.2.0 DRAFT
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