The two main use cases for the quasi framework are offline dependency resolution and dump analysis.
Offline Dependency Resolution
Offline dependency resolution occurs when an application is installed into Virgo in order to ensure the application resolves and automatically install any missing dependencies.
In this use case, the quasi framework is used to take a snapshot of the OSGi framework, install bundles into this side state, attempt to resolve them, automatically install any missing dependencies from the Virgo repository, and repeat until no more progress can be made. If this process is successful, the bundles are then installed into the OSGi framework. If the process is unsuccessful, the quasi framework is dumped to disk for subsequent analysis and the OSGi framework state is not "infected" with unresolvable bundles.
The installation use case is offline with respect to the OSGi framework state (unless and until the quasi framework state is committed to the OSGi framework) and is online with respect to the region digraph. In this case, the quasi framework contains a snapshot of the OSGi framework, but refers to the "live" region digraph.
The live region digraph is needed because the region digraph is implemented using OSGi framework hooks with global effects and so it is not possible to create a snapshot of the region digraph for use during offline resolution. Instead the quasi framework creates a temporary "coregion" to contain any quasi bundles installed into the quasi framework. In the region digraph, the coregion is connected directly to and from the user region with all resources visible in both directions. Thus the coregion's contents are equivalent to user region contents, but can easily be cleaned up by deleting the coregion. The downside of using the live region digraph is that the coregion will briefly be visible during offline dependency resolution. However, since the bundle ids of quasi bundles are not valid in the live OSGi framework, it is unlikely that the coregion could be abused even if some other part of the system noticed its existence and read its contents (i.e. the bundle ids in the coregion). The coregion is deleted when the quasi framework is destroyed.
In this use case, the quasi framework is used to analyse the contents of a dump. The dump may have been generated when offline dependency resolution fails. Alternatively, the dump may have been generated by some other failure or on request by a user.
The dump analysis use case is completely offline in the sense that live state is not affected. In this case, the quasi framework contains snapshots of the OSGi framework and of the region digraph that were dumped, e.g. on a resolution failure.
The quasi framework supports the following interfaces:
- QuasiFrameworkFactory with methods to create a quasi framework based on:
- a snapshot of the current OSGi framework state and the region digraph, or
- a directory containing dumps of the OSGi framework state and the region digraph.
- QuasiFramework with methods to:
- install a bundle into the quasi framework (as a quasi bundle, meaning it only exists in the quasi framework)
- inquire the quasi framework
- attempt to resolve the quasi bundles
- diagnose why a particular quasi bundle failed to resolve
- commit all the quasi bundles by installing corresponding bundles in the OSGi framework
- destroy the quasi framework by deleting any associated coregion (described below).