In April 2013, the STEM Project initiated its move from Subversion (SVN) to Git. This process is expected to take about a month and impacts all users of the STEM source code.
The Eclipse Foundation has encouraged projects to migrate from CVS and SVN, including shutting down CVS access late last year.
There are countless resources for learning about Git. Some useful ones:
- Official Web site
- Eclipse Foundation's Git server information
- Eclipse's Recommended Git Resources
- Eclipse's Guide for Projects Migrating to Git from SVN/CVS
- EGit Team Provider for Eclipse IDE
- EGit User Guide
Our migration is being tracked in Bugzilla under Bug 404584
- March 21: Initial discussion on committer call re/ moving to Git (complete)
- March 28: Further discussion on committer call re/ moving to Git. Committer motion to develop migration plan and initiate process passes. Most committers have experience with Git.
- March 29: Request Git migration from Eclipse Webmaster
- April 1: Create and publish test repositories for testing, begin migrating infrastructure
- April 2: Public announcement of migration with STEM 2.0 milestone 1
- April: test runs of repository split and import, prepare infrastructure (build scripts, CI server, project sets, etc) and update documentation
- (Tentative) April 30: Freeze SVN, execute import, roll out new Git repositories
- (Tenative) May 1: Declare migration complete
Steps for Developers
- Install EGit into your Eclipse IDE or use your favorite Git client (You can use the Install New Software feature in Eclipse to install from the Juno repository)
- Before the official freeze date (TBD, tentatively April 30), test that you can connect to the test repositories (see below) with your needed level of access.
- Committers should try making a commit and push to the test repositories to again verify your needed access
- Before the official freeze date, make all outstanding commits to the SVN repository
- Developers will have to manually reconcile changes that aren't ready for commit after re-checking out from Git
- After the SVN freeze date and migration is complete, create a new workspace or remove the SVN-linked STEM projects from your existing workspace then clone and checkout STEM from the new Git repositories
Additional Steps for Committers
Make sure Git's user.email matches the email Eclipse has on file for your committer account
This step is critical. Git registers a name and e-mail address with every commit ref. Eclipse requires that all commit ref emails match the email address that Eclipse has on record for your committer account. Eclipse's Git servers will reject all commit refs pushed to it from unknown email addresses.
Configuring a Git repository's name and email can be done a number of ways. The easiest is to set it up globally for your whole system:
git config --global user.email email@example.com git config --global user.name "John Doe"
You can also set it on a per-repository basis (remove --global) as well as configuring it using EGit. In Eclipse,
Window > Preferences > Team > Git > Configuration.
Set Up SSH Public Key Authentication
With this migration, committers should consider migrating to SSH private key authentication to make Git clone/pull/push easier. Eclipse recommends using this form of authentication over password authentication. See this document from Eclipse IT for more details.
Additionally, on some systems, you can configure SSH to automatically use a specific username for a host or set of hosts. This can be useful if your local system's username does not match your Eclipse committer username.
For Linux and OS X machines, try these steps:
- Open a command line / terminal
- Create or edit
- Enter the following lines:
Host *.eclipse.org User YOUR_COMMITTER_USERNAME
- Save config file
- You can now SSH directly to Eclipse without having to enter a username
- e.g you can do
git clone ssh://git.eclipse.org/gitroot/stem/org.eclipse.stem.git
- e.g you can do
ssh_config man page for more details.
The nature of distributed versioning system like Git means an entire repository must be "cloned" onto a developer's machine before it can be worked with. While Git's compression is impressive, it still requires significant network transfer time and local storage for large repositories - even if you only need to work with a small subset. In STEM's case, we store a large amount of denominator in our SVN repository, on the order of 2 GB.
Due to the large repository requirements, STEM has decided to split the code base into multiple repositories that can be fetched independently as needed. The proposed repositories are:
- Core repository, including majority of source code and epidemiological modeling components
- Common denominator data, including administrative borders and human population data
- Less common Earth Science denominator data
- STEM Web site hosted at eclipse.org/stem
The idea is you can work independently with STEM without needing the additional repositories and they can be added as needed (although most developers will benefit from having the org.eclipse.stem.data repository cloned).
In July 2011, STEM did a logical refactor that changed the layout of our SVN repository from a flat to hierarchical structure reflecting components. We're happy with this layout and will not be changing the overall structure of our repository.
Checking out STEM into Eclipse using EGit
To quickly checkout the required STEM source code, the project set generator has been updated to generate EGit-compatible Team Project set.
- In Eclipse, open the Git Repository Exploring perspective
- Launch the Project Set Import Wizard
File > Import > Team > Team Project Set
- On the Import Team Project Set page, enter the correct URL...
- For non-committers:
- For committers:
- Note: Replace YOUR_COMMITTER_USERNAME with your committer username, not e-mail address, in the above link
- For non-committers:
- Click Finish
The STEM repositories will be available at the following URLs:
Committers should use Git over SSH to access the repositories. Other proxy methods are available, see the Eclipse Git guide for more details
- ssh://firstname.lastname@example.org/gitroot/www.eclipse.org/stem.git (STEM web site)
- git://git.eclipse.org/gitroot/www.eclipse.org/stem.git (STEM web site)
Alternately, the repositories can be accessed using HTTP. See the Eclipse Git guide for more details
Eclipse publishes a Gitweb view of the repositories. For the STEM, the URLs are: