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Difference between revisions of "SMILA/Documentation/HowTo/How to access the REST API with the RestClient"

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= Using the RestClient without the complete development environment =
 
= Using the RestClient without the complete development environment =
 
This section describes the steps to follow when using the RestClient from a Java application outside SMILA's JRE.
 
This section describes the steps to follow when using the RestClient from a Java application outside SMILA's JRE.
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Revision as of 11:42, 7 February 2012

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SMILA provides an extensive REST API to control SMILA, check the status, import or search data, attach workers to its job control etc.

This HowTo describes how to utilize the SMILA RestClient to access SMILA's REST API from within a Java application.

Preconditions

For easier description we assume that you will check out the complete SMILA development environment, although it would be sufficient to check out the relevant bundles needed in order to access SMILA. This would be the case for e.g. an asynchronous SMILA worker running in a JRE different to SMILA's JRE or e.g. a testing application accessing SMILA via the REST API, etc., etc.

Basics

Interfaces and default implementations

The RestClient interface encapsulates the REST access to SMILA. It provides methods for POST, GET and DELETE calls to the REST API and represents the data using SMILA's Any and Attachments using the Attachments interface to be able to work with binary data.

The package org.eclipse.smila.http.client.impl provides a default implementation for the RestClient named DefaultRestClient

Two helper classes exist to provide the resources as described in REST API Reference:

  • ResourceHelper for all not deprecated resources beginning with /smila.
  • TaskManagerClientHelper to provide workers (that are not directly driven by the Workermanager) with resources for the taskhandling (internal taskmanager REST API, i.e. the resources beginning with /taskmanager).

Accessing SMILA

To access SMILA via its REST interface you have to instantiate the Rest Client, like: {{{1}}}

The following code snippet shows how to post a job referring the fileCrawling workflow to the job manager and to start it if posting was successful:

final RestClient restClient = new DefaultRestClient();
final ResourceHelper resourceHelper = new ResourceHelper();
final String jobName = "crawlCData";
 
// create job description as an AnyMap
final AnyMap jobDescription = DataFactory.DEFAULT.createAnyMap();
jobDescription.put("name", jobName);
jobDescription.put("workflow", "fileCrawling");
final AnyMap parameters = DataFactory.DEFAULT.createAnyMap();
parameters.put("tempStore", "temp");
parameters.put("jobToPushTo", "importJob");
parameters.put("dataSource", "file_data");
parameters.put("rootFolder", "c:/data");
jobDescription.put("parameters", parameters);
 
 
// the resourcehelper provides us with the resource to the jobs API
// we send the (AnyMap) job description in the POST body
restClient.post(resourceHelper.getJobsResource(), jobDescription);
 
// POST (here without a body) to start the Job,
// the ResourceHelper provides the resource to the named job
restClient.post(resourceHelper.getJobResource(jobName));

The following snippet would chek if the import job with a given name is already running, if not, start it, and send a record with an attachment to it.

final RestClient restClient = new DefaultRestClient();
final ResourceHelper resourceHelper = new ResourceHelper();
final String jobName = "indexUpdate";
 
// check for a current run of this job
final AnyMap currentJobRun =
restClient.get(resourceHelper.getJobResource(jobName)).getMap("runs").getMap("current");
if (currentJobRun != null && !currentJobRun.isEmpty()) {
  // a current run exists, so we don't need to start one but it may not be running.
  if (!"RUNNING".equalsIgnoreCase(currentJobRun.getStringValue("state"))) {
    // well it's just an example...
    throw new IllegalStateException("Job '" + jobName + "' is not running but has status '"
	  + currentJobRun.getStringValue("state") + "'.");
  }
} else {
  // no current job run, start another one.
  restClient.post(resourceHelper.getJobResource(jobName));
}
 
// create attachment with a file's content
final File file = new File("c:/data/notice.html");
final Attachments attachments = new AttachmentWrapper("file", file);
// put some sample metadata
final AnyMap metadata = DataFactory.DEFAULT.createAnyMap();
metadata.put("_recordid", "1");
metadata.put("fileName", file.getCanonicalPath());
// now post metadata with an attachment from a file.
// if we had a Record with attachments, we could POST that one...
// note: we could add more than one attachment using the AttachmentWrapper.
restClient.post(resourceHelper.getPushRecordToJobResource(jobName), metadata, attachments);

Using Attachments with the RestClient

As seen above, the rest client bundle provides an Attachments interface in order to allow attachments to be POSTed.

An attachment consists of a String key and binary data that will be POSTED as application/octet-stream in a multipart message.

handle attachments manually

You can use the AttachmentWrapper in order to add attachments from the following sources if you want to handle attachments manually:

  • a byte[]
  • a String
  • a File
  • an InputStream

There are convenience constructors to provide an attachment when constructing an AttachmentWrapper but you can add more than one attachment and mix the types.

Example:

final RestClient restClient = new DefaultRestClient();
byte[] byteAttachment = new byte[1000];
String stringAttachment = "string attachment";
File fileAttachment = new File("c:/data/notice.html");
InputStream inputStreamAttachment = new FileInputStream(fileAttachment);
 
AttachmentWrapper attachments = new AttachmentWrapper("byte-data", byteAttachment);
attachments.add("string-data", stringAttachment);
attachments.add("file-data", fileAttachment);
attachments.add("stream-data", inputStreamAttachment);
 
restClient.post(resource, parameters, attachments);

handle attachments with records

SMILA Records can also include attachments, and since SMILA's target data units are Records, it is natural, that the RestClient also supports Records (with attachments) directly.

That means, that the record's metadata will be sent with the Records' attachments as parts of a multipart message.

Example

final byte[] data1 = ...;
final byte[] data2 = ...;
record.setAttachment("data1", data1);
record.setAttachment("data2", data2);
 
// POST the record with the attachments
restClient.post(resourceHelper.getPushRecordToJobResource(jobName), record);


Using the RestClient without the complete development environment

This section describes the steps to follow when using the RestClient from a Java application outside SMILA's JRE.



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