Automated Unit and Integration Testing
This document describes how to run Eclipse JUnit plugin tests from the command line using Eclipse SDK JUnit test plug-ins and a testing framework. This method of running tests is intended for anyone who wishes to automate their testing process or reproduce the testing mechanism used in Eclipse builds by the Eclipse Platform Release Engineering team.
Click <a href="http://dev.eclipse.org/viewcvs/index.cgi/*checkout*/org.eclipse.test/testframework.html?rev=HEAD">here</a> for a description of the testing framework, and how it can be used outside of the setup described here.
If you simply wish to write and run JUnit tests interactively from an Eclipse workbench, try one of the links below:
- All test machines will require 1.5 and 1.6 java runtime environments installed to run all tests. See <A HREF="#testtargets">test targets</A> for details on which tests require a 1.5 level jre. All other tests can be executed with either jre levels.
- A properties file containing the following key-value pair: J2SE-5.0=<path to 1.5 java executable>. On Windows, the path must be enclosed with double quotes if it contains any space characters, e.g. J2SE-5.0="c:/program files/jdk1.5.0/jre/bin/java".
- Info-ZIP UnZip version 5.41 or later (or equivalent zip/unzip programs) installed and added to the path.
- The JUnit Plugin Tests
eclipse-Automated-Tests-<buildId>.zipfrom an Eclipse build. This ZIP contains the scripts to run the tests, the test framework plug-ins and the JUnit test plug-ins.
- An Eclipse SDK distribution to test. Usually you will want to test a particular Eclipse build using a matching Automated Tests feature.
- To run the pde build tests you will need the eclipse-<buildId>delta-pack.zip.
- To run the Team CVS tests you will need extssh access to a test CVS repository. The tests create a lot of junk modules and tags so you will want to keep the test repository separate from your development repository. While it is not necessary to clean up the repository between each Team test run you will probably want to clean it up periodically.
- Some of the p2 tests require a copy of the Eclipse Platform Runtime Binary archive for the platform you are testing. More information is available from the Equinox Testing Wiki page.
- Extract the eclipse-Automated-Tests-<buildId>.zip or tar.gz. On Window, extract this file close to the root of the drive to prevent some path names from exceeding the 255 character limit. This will create a top-level directory
- Place the Eclipse SDK distribution to test (and the Eclipse Platform Runtime Binary) in the eclipse-testing directory. Do not extract these files as the test scripts will take care of this.
- To run the Team CVS tests, edit the test.xml script to provide connection information. Replace the following strings in the teamcvs target of the
test.xmlfile with the information described in following list. These values are used at test time to automatically replace strings in org.eclipse.team.tests.cvs.core/repository.properties. For more information on how this file is used in the team CVS tests, see the readme.html file that is part of the cvs tests.
- @cvs_user@ - the account used to connect to the cvs repository
- @cvs_password@ - the account password
- @cvs_host@- the name of the cvs server
- @cvs_root@ - the repository path
- To Run the PDE build scripts, save the eclipse-<buildId>delta-pack.zip to the eclipse-testing directory.
From a command prompt or terminal:
- Execute the following command:
runtests -properties <path to properties file> [-os <operating system>] [-ws <windowing system>] [-arch <architecture>] [-noclean] [-vm <path to java executable>][-Dtest.target=performance][targetname1 targetname2 targetname3 etc...]
All parameters and targets are optional on windows systems with the exception of "-properties". On *nix systems, the os, ws and arch parameters must be specified in addition to the -properties parameter.
The JUnit test results are produced in individual xml files for each test plug-in with a test.xml. These results are copied to the eclipse-testing\results\xml directory. These results can be converted into html by running the "genHtml" target (if they are not automatically converted).
Please be aware that "Build Successful" printed to the console is NOT indicative of tests passing.
|-os <operating system>||The OS the tests are being run on. Such as, aix, hpux, linux, macosx, solaris, win32. Default win32|
|-ws <windowing system>||The windowing system the tests are being run on. Such as, cocoa, gtk, win32. Default win32|
|-arch <architecture>||The architecture the tests are being run on. Such as, x86, x86_64, ppc, sparc. Default x86|
|-noclean||Run tests without installing a clean Eclipse (in "test-eclipse") between test targets. Default is to delete an existing test-eclipse directory and re-extract the Eclipse distribution between test targets.|
As per requirements noted above, this is used to reference a properties file containing additional Ant properties used in running tests.Can be used to pass additional vm arguments to the Java virtual machine running the tests by adding the entry "extraVMargs=<the args to pass to the vm>" to the specified properties file.
At a minimum, the property file must include a "J2SE-5.0" property which specifies a path to a 1.5 java executable, for example:
The path must be enclosed in double quotes if it contains spaces. This key-value pair is required to run JUnit plug-in tests that require a 1.5 level jvm.
When runtests is executed, two instances of eclipse are started: one to invoke the org.eclipse.ant.core.antRunner application to run a test.xml script in a test plug-in (outer instance) and another in which the JUnit tests are being executed (inner). By default, both will use the java executable on the system path. The -vm property is used to specify an alternate java executable. For example, "-vm c:\jdk1.7\jre\bin\java".
However, the -vm value is ignored by the inner vm for JUnit plug-in tests requiring a 1.5 JRE to execute (see <A HREF="#testtargets">test targets</A>). This property must be used in conjunction with the -properties parameter described above at all times.
|-Dtest.target=performance|| Runs the performance target only in each test plug-in's test.xml. When running tests on Windows, enclose this parameter in double quotes, such as,
|targetname1 targetname2 targetname3 etc..||
Replace with a list of <A HREF="#testtargets">test targets</A> to execute (space delineated). Each corresponds to an Ant target in the eclipse-testing/test.xml script.
runtests -os linux -ws gtk -arch x86 ant antui -properties vm.properties
This will execute the "ant" and "antui" test targets only. If not specified, the default "all" target will be executed.
Appendix A: Test Targets
Ant targets in the main test.xml which execute specific test suites. Typically each corresponds to the execution of a test plug-in's test.xml. In addition to specific test suites, there are some targets that define a group of tests, for example quickTests is a set that runs relatively quickly whereas longRunningTests defines a set of tests that can take many hours to run.
All of these, groups and specific test suites should be viewed as examples at a point in time, as the exact list changes over time, and the main test.xml file has the definitive list.
|Target name (special jvm requirements)||Description / test plug-in|
|all (1.5 and 1.6 JREs required)||Runs all the targets below. Default.|
|jdtapt (JRE 1.5 required)||org.eclipse.jdt.apt.tests|
|jdtaptpluggable (JRE 1.6 required)||org.eclipse.jdt.apt.pluggable.tests|
|jdtcompilerapt (JRE 1.6 required)||org.eclipse.jdt.compiler.apt.tests|
|jdtcompilertool (JRE 1.6 required)||org.eclipse.jdt.compiler.tool.tests|
|jdtcorebuilder (JRE 1.5 required)||org.eclipse.jdt.core.tests.builder|
|jdtcorecompiler (JRE 1.5 required)||org.eclipse.jdt.core.tests.compiler|
|jdtcoremodel (JRE 1.5 required)||org.eclipse.jdt.core.tests.model|
|pdeapitooling (JRE 1.5 required)||org.eclipse.pde.api.tools.tests|
Appendix B: Supported os, ws, and arch value combinations
Technically, any supported platform can be tested, but some are supported "out of the box" and others would require a change to the overall main test.xml file. The following table contains the more common values that can be used with the -os, -ws, and -arch switches, but the overall test.xml file has the most accurate definition for any point in time or release.
|Operating System (os)||Windowing System (ws)||Architecture (arch)|