Automated Unit and Integration Testing
This document describes how to run Eclipse JUnit plugin tests from the command line using Eclipse SDK JUnit test plug-ins and a testing framework. This method of running tests is intended for anyone who wishes to automate their testing process or reproduce the testing mechanism used in Eclipse builds by the Eclipse Platform Release Engineering team.
Click <a href="http://dev.eclipse.org/viewcvs/index.cgi/*checkout*/org.eclipse.test/testframework.html?rev=HEAD">here</a> for a description of the testing framework, and how it can be used outside of the setup described here.
If you simply wish to write and run JUnit tests interactively from an Eclipse workbench, try one of the links below:
Support in Eclipse</a>
<a href="http://help.eclipse.org/helios/index.jsp?topic=/org.eclipse.pde.doc.user/guide/tools/launchers/junit_launcher.htm">Testing Eclipse Plug-ins with JUnit</a>
- All test machines will require 1.4 and 1.5 java runtime environments installed to run all tests. See <A HREF="#testtargets">test targets</A> for details on which tests require a 1.5 level jre. All other tests can be executed with either jre levels.
- A properties file containing the following key-value pair: J2SE-5.0=<path to 1.5 java executable>. On Windows, the path must be enclosed with double quotes if it contains any space characters, e.g. J2SE-5.0="c:/program files/jdk1.5.0/jre/bin/java".
- <a href="http://www.info-zip.org/pub/infozip/UnZip.html">Info-ZIP UnZip</a> version 5.41 or later installed and added to the path.
- The JUnit Plugin Tests
eclipse-Automated-Tests-<buildId>.zipfrom an Eclipse build (<a href="http://download.eclipse.org/eclipse/downloads/">http://download.eclipse.org/eclipse/downloads/</a>). This ZIP contains this document, scripts to run the tests, the test framework plug-ins and the JUnit test plug-ins.
- An Eclipse SDK distribution (<a href="http://download.eclipse.org/eclipse/downloads/">http://download.eclipse.org/eclipse/downloads/</a>) to test. Usually you will want to test a particular Eclipse build using a matching Automated Tests feature.
- To run the pde build tests you will need the eclipse-<buildId>delta-pack.zip.
- To run the Team CVS tests you will need extssh access to a CVS repository. The tests create a lot of junk modules and tags so you will want to keep the test repository seperate from your development repository. While it is not necessary to clean up the repository between each Team test run you will probably want to clean it up periodically.
- Some of the p2 tests require a copy of the Eclipse Platform Runtime Binary archive for the platform you are testing. More information is available from the <a href="http://wiki.eclipse.org/Equinox/p2/Testing">Equinox Testing Wiki page</a>.
- Extract the eclipse-Automated-Tests-<buildId>.zip or
tar.gz. On Window, extract this file close to the root of the
drive to prevent some path names from exceeding the 255 character
limit. This will create a top-level directory
- Place the Eclipse SDK distribution to test (and the Eclipse Platform Runtime Binary) in the eclipse-testing directory. Do not extract these files as the test scripts will take care of this.
- To run the Team CVS tests, edit the test.xml script to
provide connection information. Replace the following strings in
the teamcvs target of the
test.xmlfile with the information described in following list. These values are used at test time to automatically replace strings in org.eclipse.team.tests.cvs.core/repository.properties. For more information on how this file is used in the team CVS tests, click <a href="http://dev.eclipse.org/viewcvs/index.cgi/%7Echeckout%7E/org.eclipse.team.tests.cvs.core/readme.html?rev=HEAD">here</a>.
- @cvs_user@ - the account used to connect to the cvs repository
- @cvs_password@ - the account password
- @cvs_host@- the name of the cvs server
- @cvs_root@ - the repository path
- To Run the PDE build scripts, save the eclipse-<buildId>delta-pack.zip to the eclipse-testing directory.
From a command prompt or terminal:
- Execute the following script:
runtests -properties <path to properties file> [-os <operating system>] [-ws <windowing system>] [-arch <architecture>] [-noclean] [-vm <path to java executable>][-Dtest.target=performance][targetname1 targetname2 targetname3 etc...]
All parameters and targets are optional on windows systems with the exception of "-properties". On *nix systems, the os, ws and arch parameters must be specified in addition to the -properties parameter.
The JUnit test results are produced in individual xml files for each test plug-in with a test.xml. These results are copied to the eclipse-testing\results\xml directory. These results can be converted into html by running the "genHtml" target as described in the table below. Please be aware that "Build Successful" printed to the console is NOT indicative of tests passing. </li> </ol> <p> <a name="vm"></a>Parameters
Parameter Description -os <operating system> The OS the tests are being run on. One of: aix, hpux,
linux, macosx, solaris, win32. Default win32
-ws <windowing system> The windowing system the tests are being run on. One of:
cocoa, gtk, photon, win32. Default win32
-arch <architecture> The architecture the tests are being run on. One of: ppc,
PA_RISC, x86, sparc. Default x86
-noclean Run tests without installing a clean Eclipse (in
"test-eclipse") between test targets. Default is to delete an existing test-eclipse directory and re-extract theEclipse distribution between test targets.
As per requirements noted above, this is used to reference a properties file containing additional Ant properties used in running tests.Can be used to pass additional vm arguments to the Java virtual machine running the tests by adding the entry "extraVMargs=<the args to pass to the vm>" to the specified properties file.
At a minimum, the property file must include a "J2SE-5.0" property which specifies a path to a 1.5 java executable, for example:
The path must be enclosed in double quotes if it contains spaces. This key-value pair is required to run JUnit plug-in tests that require a 1.5 level jvm.
When runtests is executed, two instances of eclipse are started: one to invoke the org.eclipse.ant.core.antRunner application to run a test.xml script in a test plug-in (outer instance) and another in which the JUnit tests are being executed (inner). By default, both will use the java executable on the system path. The -vm property is used to specify an alternate java executable. For example, "-vm c:\jdk142\jre\bin\java".
However, the -vm value is ignored by the inner vm for JUnit plug-in tests requiring a 1.5 JRE to execute (see <A HREF="#testtargets">test targets</A>). This property must be used in conjunction with the -properties parameter described above at all times.
-Dtest.target=performance Runs the performance target only in each test plug-in's
test.xml. When running tests on Windows, enclose this parameter in double quotes, ie. runtests"-Dtest.target=performance".
targetname1 targetname2 targetname3 etc..
Replace with a list of <A HREF="#testtargets">test targets</A> to execute (space delineated). Each corresponds to an Ant target in the eclipse-testing/test.xml script.
runtests -os linux -ws gtk -arch x86 ant antui -properties vm.properties
This will execute the "ant" and "antui" test targets only. If not specified, the "all" target will be executed.
<A NAME="testtargets"></A>Appendix A - Test Targets
Ant targets in the main test.xml which execute tests. Typically each corresponds to the execution of a test plug-in's test.xml.
Target name (special jvm requirements) Description / test plug-in all (1.4, 1.5 and 1.6 JREs required) Runs all the targets below. Default. ant org.eclipse.ant.tests.core antui org.eclipse.ant.tests.ui compare org.eclipse.compare.tests coreexpressions org.eclipse.core.expressions.tests coreresources org.eclipse.core.tests.resources coreruntime org.eclipse.core.tests.runtime coretestsnet org.eclipse.core.tests.net equinoxsecurity org.eclipse.equinox.security.tests filebuffers org.eclipse.core.filebuffers.tests jdtapt (JRE 1.5 required) org.eclipse.jdt.apt.tests jdtaptpluggable (JRE 1.6 required) org.eclipse.jdt.apt.pluggable.tests jdtcompilerapt (JRE 1.6 required) org.eclipse.jdt.compiler.apt.tests jdtcompilertool (JRE 1.6 required) org.eclipse.jdt.compiler.tool.tests jdtcorebuilder (JRE 1.5 required) org.eclipse.jdt.core.tests.builder jdtcorecompiler (JRE 1.5 required) org.eclipse.jdt.core.tests.compiler jdtcoremodel (JRE 1.5 required) org.eclipse.jdt.core.tests.model jdtcoreperf org.eclipse.jdt.core.tests.performance jdtdebug org.eclipse.jdt.debug.tests jdttext org.eclipse.jdt.text.tests jdtui org.eclipse.jdt.ui.tests jdtuirefactoring org.eclipse.jdt.ui.tests.refactoring jface org.eclipse.jface.text.tests jfacedatabinding org.eclipse.jface.tests.databinding ltkcorerefactoringtests org.eclipse.ltk.core.refactoring.tests ltkuirefactoringtests org.eclipse.ltk.ui.refactoring.tests osgi org.eclipse.osgi.tests pdeapitooling (JRE 1.5 required) org.eclipse.pde.api.tools.tests pdebuild org.eclipse.pde.build.tests pdeui org.eclipse.pde.ui.tests relEng org.eclipse.releng.tests swt org.eclipse.swt.tests teamcore org.eclipse.team.tests.core teamcvs org.eclipse.team.tests.cvs.core text org.eclipse.text.tests ua org.eclipse.ua.tests ui org.eclipse.ui.tests uieditors org.eclipse.ui.editors.tests uiforms org.eclipse.ui.tests.forms uinavigator org.eclipse.ui.tests.navigator uiperformance org.eclipse.ui.tests.performance uircp org.eclipse.ui.tests.rcp uiviews org.eclipse.ui.tests.views.properties.tabbed uiworkbenchtexteditor org.eclipse.ui.workbench.texteditor.tests
<a name="appendixb"></a>Appendix B - Supported os, ws, and arch value combinations
The following table contains the values that can be used with the -os, -ws, and -arch switches.
Operating System (os) Windowing System (ws) Architecture (arch) hpux motif PA_RISC linux gtk x86 linux gtk x86_64 macosx carbox ppc macosx cocoa x86 macosx cocoa x86_64 solaris gtk sparc solaris gtk x86 solaris motif sparc win32 win32 x86