In order to validate constraints from a profile, first creation of constraint with specific annotations will be explained and then generation of validation will be explained.
Figure 1: Constraint creation
Create a constraint
In the context of the construction of a profile, it is possible to add constraints.
A constraint is a condition or restriction expressed in a language for the purpose of declaring some of the semantics of an element.
In the context of a profile diagram you can create a constraint from the palette.
Figure 2: Constraint creation from the palette
From the model explorer, click right --> new child--> Create a new Constraint
Figure 3: Constraint creation from the model explorer
Specify the context
Before editing a constraint, it is important to specify the constraint; it can be a stereotype, an operation.
From the diagram, a context link can be added between the constraints and the context of the constraint:
Figure 4: Context link creation in a the profile diagram
From the property view, the context can be specified:
Figure 5: specify context from the property view
Specify the language
It is possible to precise the language of the constraint into Papyrus. The constraint body may be written into OCL, JAVA, or natural language.
In order to make constraints usable by the Papyrus, constraint must be written in OCL or JAVA.
By default if your try to edit a constraint, default language will be OCL.
At the creation, after set the context, you can choose the editor for the constraint:
Figure 6: choose the editor for the constraint
You can also specify the language in the property view:
- Select the field specification and choose create or edit the associated opaque expression:
Figure 9: Write the body of the opaque expression
Specify the behavior of the constraint in the context of validation
Into Papyrus, the behavior of the constraint during the validation can be precise.
It is possible to precise:
- The mode, if the validation of the constraint can be done, in t “batch” or “live” mode.
- The severity: The severity of the problem if the constraint is violated. This correlates to the severity of tasks in the Tasks view of the Eclipse environment. The default severity (if none specified) is ERROR. The CANCEL severity should be used with caution, as it causes the validation operation to be interrupted, possibly resulting in the loss of valuable diagnostic information from other constraints.
- The message: the message that will be displayed if the constraints is violated
- The description: a description of the constraint
- If it is enable by default: Indicates if this constraint should be enabled by default.
For advanced user you can also precise:
- The Id : the constraint id
- The status code: The plug-in unique status code, useful for logging.
- the target of validation, the element to be validated
Apply the DSML validation profile
- 1. Select the profile root and apply the profile
- 2. Select the profile tab in the property view
- 3. Click on the registered profile button
- 4. Selection the DSML validation profile
Figure 10: apply DSML profile
Apply Stereotype on constraint
- 1. Select the constraint
- 2. Select profile tab of the property view
- 3. Click on apply profile button
- 4. Select validationRule stereotype
Figure 11: Apply validationRule stereotype
Then you can edit property of stereotype to add information about the behavior of the validation
Figure 12: edition of the property of stereotype
Generation from Constraints
Figure 13: Constraint generation
Generate constraints directly into the definition
Constraint written in OCL in the profile can be generated into the definition of the profile and taken in charge during the validation of the model.
When you save the profile,Papyrus asks to you if want to define the profile.
Click on yes and then do not forget to check save OCL constraint in the definition
Figure 14: save OCL constraints in the definition
Generate constraints as EMF validation plugins
The user can generate plugins that wrap constraint and can be used in the EMF plugin validation.
The constraint can be generated in Java code, or directly from OCL.
Select the root profile
Click right on the model explorer-> create validation plugin for this DSML
Then a wizard to create the validation is launched. You have to give a name for you validation plugin.
Figure 15: wizard of constraint validation creation
The you need to install the created plugin.