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Revision as of 09:56, 31 July 2010 by (Talk | contribs) (OCL Editor)

In addition to the FAQ below, see also the OCL Developer Guide documentation included in the OCL SDK.

Newbie / General

Questions in this section are directed at those that are new to the MDT OCL component and are interested in finding out how to begin working with it.

What is MDT OCL?

MDT OCL provides a parser and interpreter for OCL constraints and expressions on any EMF-based metamodel. By that is meant any metamodel whose meta-metamodel is Ecore, and which (in being a metamodel) provides an EMF importer to create GenModels that generate a Java implementation.

So far, the Eclipse Modeling Project has two such metamodels: Ecore and UML (Ecore being its own meta-metamodel). Hence, the OCL component provides an OCL binding for each of these metamodels. OCL can parse constraints in either Ecore or UML models, and can evaluate them on the instances of Java classes generated from these models.

In terms of the OMG's modeling "stack", then, we have in the Eclipse Modeling Project

OCL's relation to the OMG modeling stack
Modeling Level Artifacts OCL's Role
M3 Ecore This is the metamodel for the OCL Abstract Syntax Model
M2 Ecore, UML OCL's generic AST model binds to these metamodels
M1 *.ecore and *.uml models OCL parses constraints on these models
generated Java code
M0 instances of generated Java classes OCL evaluates constraints on these objects
dynamic EMF objects

The OCL Abstract Syntax Model is, itself, actually a metamodel sitting at the M2 level.

What is MDT OCL 3.0 update site URL?

Does OCL 1.x work with J2SE 1.4?

Because OCL extends EMF's Ecore, OCL's dependencies are the same as those of EMF.

1.0 2.2 1.4.2
1.1 2.3 1.5
1.2 2.4 1.5
1.3 2.5 1.5
3.0 2.6 1.5

See also EMF 2.3 JVM Requirements.

How do I workaround org.eclipse.emf.ocl deprecation in Helios and later?

The deprecated org.eclipse.emf.ocl feature and plugin were removed in the MDT/OCL 3.0.0 release. Unfortunately some projects, notably UML2-Tools, continue to reference it. This prevents their Galileo releases being installed on Helios. A Helios release of UML-Tools has been built (26-July-2010) but its visibility from The UML2-Tools Downloads Page is not quite right yet.

[Attachment] to [Bug 318941] provides a ZIPped update site containing just enough of org.eclipse.emf.ocl to satisfy the installation requirements of org.eclipse.emf.ocl dependents.

Therefore to install e.g. UML2-Tools

  • Install MDT/OCL 3.0.0 (most conveniently as part of the Eclipse Modeling Package)
  • Download from the [Attachment]
  • Install New Software from the downloaded
  • Download e.g. from [UML2-Tools Downloads]
  • Install New Software from the downloaded mdt-uml2tools-Update zip

Do not install anything else after UML2-Tools since effectively claims that Galileo and Helios are compatible undermining p2's ability to install consistent plugins.

OCL Formulation

This section answers common problems in the formulation of OCL expressions that achieve some specific aim. More often than not, these are matters of OCL-the-language, not specific in any way to the MDT implementation.

How do I combine collections of different types?

If you have two or more collections of distinct element types and want to combine them into a single collection, it is not as simple as just unioning them or casting the collections to a common type. In the OCL 2.0 specification, the collection types do not conform to OclAny, so they do not have the oclAsType operation. Also, the semantics of generic type parameters in collections are undefined, so that it is not clear whether, for example, Set(T) has only union(Set(T)) or also union(Set(S)) where S is any supertype of T.

Instead, one must do something like:

-- given types A, B conforming to S but neither of
-- A nor B conforming to the other
context S
def: union(a : Set(A), b : Set(B)) : Set(S) =
    let s : Set(S) = Set{} in s->union(a)->union(b)

which works because Set(S) has an operation union(Set(S)) that accepts arguments of type Set(A) and Set(B) because of the rules of conformance of collection types.

How do I invoke methods such as eContainer(), eContents(), eGet()?

These methods are EObject methods, so you need to declare that your meta-model extends EObject. Therefore you need to initialize your environment with the following ParsingOption declaration prior to parsing.


(Prior to EMF 2.5.0M4 this declaration was not necessary if your meta-model explicitly inherited from an Ecore class such as EModelElement or EObject.)

How do I access unnavigable opposites in Ecore

In UML, when an association may be drawn with a unidirectional arrow, the association is intended only to be navigated in one direction. It is however permissible for an OCL constraint to navigate in the reverse direction, using an (opposite) role name. The (opposite) role name may be explicitly specified. If the (opposite) role name is omitted, an implicit (opposite) role name is computed from the name of the target class. OCL 2.2 specifies that this name converts the first letter of the target class name to lower case and MDT/OCL 3.0.0 follows this specification.

(UML specifies that the target class name is used as-is. The OCL specification should change to align with UML and MDT/OCL will change too.)

When the UML-binding of MDT/OCL is used, navigation of unnavigable opposites works as specified.

For EMOF meta-models, the OCL specification leaves support for unnavigable opposites as an optional compliance point. It is is difficult for an OCL implementation to support unnavigable opposites since the EMOF meta-model does not provide the required opposite role name. Only the implicit opposite role name could be used. (There are ongoing discussions about introducing a Tag into the EMOF meta-model to persist this information.) It is also difficult for an OCL AST to persist the referredProperty reference to a Property that does not exist.

MDT/OCL 3.0.0, when using Ecore meta-models which have similar limitations to EMOF, therefore fails to support unnavigable opposites. However all is not quite lost.

In [Bug 229998] a solution to the oppositeRoleName persistence problem was introduced using either an Ecore EAnnotation or an EMOF Commented Comment. In [Bug 251621] an additional plugin has been contributed solves the AST problem with an additional OppositePropertyCallExp class. So if you install the extra plug-in and arrange for your Ecore meta-model source to use the EAnnotation, you can use unnavigable opposites.

It is anticipated that a more integrated solution will be available in MDT/OCL 4.0.0.

OCL Code Generation

How do I generate code from OCL constraints in Ecore?

As of EMF 2.6.0M4 and MDT/OCL 3.0.0M6 EClassifier invariants, EOperation bodies and EStructuralFeature initial or derived values may be specified using OCL expressions embedded as Ecore annotations within an Ecore meta-model. These expressions may be evaluated either after genmodel has been used to convert your model to Java, or directly using the dynamic capabilities of EMF.

See MDT/OCLinEcore

How do I generate code from OCL constraints in UML?


OCL Editor

How do I install an editor for OCL?

An editor for OCL has been developed as part of the M2M/QVT Declarative project. This is being migrated to form part of the MDT/OCL project in the Helios release.

It is hoped that the relevant Update Sites will facilitate installation soon.

To use this editor now follow the following installation steps.

Eclipse 3.5 base

You require Eclipse 3.5 or later with EMF (Core), EMF Transaction and EMF Validation. If you already have these you may skip the install Eclipse step.

Install the Eclipse 3.5 including the modeling packages.

Download e.g. and unzip.

Get OCL Editor Project Set File

Start Eclipse, Open the CVS Resource Perspective.

Create a New Repository Location for Host: Repository Path: /cvsroot/modeling User: anonymous Password: Connection type: pserver



and invoke Check Out the psf Folder from the right button menu.

Import OCL Editor Project Set

In the Project Explorer

Select psf/ocl-editor.psf

and invoke Import Project Set...

specifying anonymous when asked for a CVS account and passwoes.

Build OCL Editor Examples

Optionally (to make the OCL examples work)



and invoke Run As->Ant Build from the right bitton menu.

This should successfully create two OCL zips (refresh the project to see them) although it will fail when creating further QVTd zips.

Invoke OCL Editor

Start a nested Eclipse by selecting some project and invoking Run As->Eclipse Application.

To see how the Editor works and get an example configuration

Invoke New->Project->Examples->QVT Projects->Royal and Loyal Example

Open org.eclipse.qvt.declarative.examples.ocl.royalandloyal/oclsrc/Royal and Loyal/Royal and Loyal.ocl.

Create OCL Editor Project

An empty prototype project may be created by

Invoke New->Project->Examples->QVT Projects->Empty OCL Project

The important characteristics of this project are that:

The Java build path specifies 'oclsrc' and 'oclbin' folders.

The QVTd Model Registry Nature is set enabling the Model Registry Property Page to define models that contribute to the OCL 'package' path.

The QVTd OCL Nature is set enabling compliation of the OCL src to an OCL bin AST.

OCLinEcore editor fails to initialize due to a missing ModulemapPackage class

This problem is caused by the spurious registration of org.eclipse.jst.j2ee.internal.earcreation.modulemap.ModulemapPackage for modulemap.xmi. Since this class does not exist, any code that peruses the EMF Package registry gets a run-time exception that it probably does not handle, so a loop terminates. This occurs when Xtext starts up for OCLinEcore.

For Helios, Bug 320417 is registered against WTP, and Bug 320420 against Xtext. Both are likely to be fixed in Helios SR1. The workaround for Helios is not to install the JST plugin, typically used by the Web Page editor.

OCL Runtime

Stand-alone Tracing

Since the 1.1 release, MDT OCL has supported a stand-alone deployment. However, debug tracing has always been an all-or-nothing deal, activated by the org.eclipse.ocl.debug system property. Now, finer-grained control is available using system properties named according to the OCL plug-in's trace options. For example, to trace only evaluation of expressions (not also parsing and other activity), use -Dorg.eclipse.ocl/debug/evaluation=true.

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