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Jetty/Howto/Configure Connectors

< Jetty‎ | Howto
Revision as of 00:39, 2 August 2012 by Janb.intalio.com (Talk | contribs)


Jetty provides several types of connectors that allow you to tailor the server setup to suit your circumstances.


Types of Connectors


This connector uses efficient NIO buffers with a non-blocking threading model. Jetty uses Direct NIO buffers, and allocates threads only to connections with requests. Synchronization simulates blocking for the servlet API, and any unflushed content at the end of request handling is written asynchronously. See javadoc.

This connector is best used when there are a many connections that have idle periods.

When used with Continuations, threadless waits are supported. When a filter or servlet calls getEvent on a Continuation, a runtime exception is thrown to allow the thread to exit the current request handling. Jetty catches this exception and does not send a response to the client. Instead Jetty releases the thread and places the Continuation on the timer queue. If the Continuation timeout expires, or its resume method is called, then Jetty again allocates a thread to the request, and the request retries. The limitation of this approach is that request content is not available on the retried request, thus if possible it should be read after the Continuation or saved as a request attribute or as the associated object of the Continuation instance.


This connector implements a traditional blocking IO and threading model. Jetty uses Normal JRE sockets and allocates a thread per connection. Jetty allocates large buffers to active connections only. You should use this Connector only if NIO is not available. See javadoc.


This is an SSL connector that uses NIO. For more information about its configuration, see SSL Connector Reference. See also javadoc.


This is a blocking IO connector that supports SSL. See javadoc.


This connector implements the AJP13 protocol. See How to Configure Ajp13 for more information, and also take a look at How to Configure mod_proxy for alternatives to using the AJP13 protocol. See also javadoc.

Configuration Options

acceptors The number of thread dedicated to accepting incoming connections.
acceptQueueSize Number of connection requests that can be queued up before the operating system starts to send rejections.
acceptorPriority Sets the priority of the acceptor threads relative to the other threads.
confidentialPort The port to redirect to if there is a security constraint of CONFIDENTIAL.
confidentialScheme https by default
forwarded If true use hostHeader or else check the headers for retrieving information from the original request to control what ServletRequest#getServerName() and ServletRequest#getServerPort() and ServletRequest#getRemoteAddr() return. Default is false. See How to Configure mod_proxy.
forwardedHostHeader The forwarded Host header to use. Default is X-Forwarded-Host. This value is used only if forwarded is true.
forwardedServerHeader The forwarded server name header to use. Default is X-Forwarded-Server. This value is used only if forwarded is true.
forwardedForHeader The forwarded for header to use. Default is X-Forwarded-For. This value is used only if forwarded is true.
hostHeader Set a forced valued for the Host header to control what ServletRequest#getServerName() and ServletRequest#getServerPort() return. This value is used only if forwarded is true.
host The particular interface to listen on. If not set or, Jetty listens on port on all interfaces.
integralPort The port to redirect to if there is a security constraint of INTEGRAL.
lowResourcesConnections Sets the number of connections, which if exceeded places this connector in a low resources state. This is not an exact measure as the connection count is averaged over the select sets. When in a low resources state, different idle timeouts can apply on connections. See lowResourcesMaxIdleTime.
lowResourcesMaxIdleTime Sets the period in ms that a connection is allowed to be idle when this there are more than lowResourcesConnections connections. This allows the server to rapidly close idle connections in order to gracefully handle high load situations.
maxIdleTime Set the maximum Idle time for a connection, which roughly translates to the Socket.setSoTimeout(int) call, although with NIO implementations other mechanisms may be used to implement the timeout. The max idle time is applied: when waiting for a new request to be received on a connection; when reading the headers and content of a request; when writing the headers and content of a response. Jetty interprets this value as the maximum time between some progress being made on the connection. So if a single byte is read or written, then the timeout (if implemented by Jetty) is reset. However, in many instances, the reading/writing is delegated to the JVM, and the semantic is more strictly enforced as the maximum time a single read/write operation can take. Note that as Jetty supports writes of memory-mapped file buffers, a write may take many 10s of seconds for large content written to a slow device.
name The name of the connector. Can be used to make a WebAppContext respond only to requests on the named connector via the WebAppContext.setConnectorNames(String[]) method
port The port to listen on. See also host.
requestBufferSize Sets the size of the content buffer for receiving requests. These buffers are used only for active connections that have requests with bodies that do not fit within the header buffer (see requestHeaderSize). Default is 8K.
requestHeaderSize Sets the size of the buffer for request and response headers. An idle connection at most has one buffer of this size allocated. Default is 6K.
responseBufferSize Sets the size of the content buffer for sending responses. These buffers are used only for active connections that are sending responses with bodies that will not fit within the header buffer. Default is 32K.
resolveNames If true, request IP addresses will be resolved to host names.
reuseAddress True if the the server socket will be opened in SO_REUSEADDR mode.
soLingerTime Sets SO_LINGER on the connection socket. Disabled by default.
statsOn If true, enables statistics collection on connections. See Statistics.
useDirectBuffers For nio connectors, determines whether direct byte buffers will be used or not. The default is true.
threadPool Sets the thread pool instance. By default this is the thread pool set on the org.eclipse.jetty.server.Server instance, and is a org.eclipse.jetty.util.thread.QueuedThreadPool instance.