JWT Metamodel Extension
What are aspect model extensions for
JWT provides a mechanism allowing to store typed custom information in workflow models, thanks to an additional *_conf file (actually, it works for any kind of EMF model). Profiles describe what kind of additional information (or Aspects) can be stored on model elements. Such profiles and aspects can be provided by JWT integrators to let their users provide complex information needed by their custom features, or designed by end users to let them add information as simple as key-value properties.
Using aspect model extensions
Aspect model extensions should be available by default in your JWT installation starting from 0.6 (upcoming).
If they are not, here are the additional JWT eclipse plugins you need in your JWT installation (or workspace) :
- jwt-we obviously as well as jwt-we-conf.we, which contains aspect integration in jwt-we
- conf (aspects) plugins : jwt-we-conf, jwt-we-conf.edit, jwt-we-conf.editor
- if you plan to use "dynamic" Properties, their plugins : jwt-we-conf-property, jwt-we-conf-property.edit
- TEMPORARY until 0.6 official is out, get a preview from the 0.6 integration update site at http://download.eclipse.org/technology/jwt/integration-update-site/
Example : open this TODO metamodel, it should show custom information.
Enabling model extensions
To enable its custom Conf in your (workflow) model : if it is not already enabled for your xxx.workflow model, i.e. if it has no custom Conf already (xxx.workflow_conf file),
- start from a vanilla (workflow) model xxx.workflow and open it.
- open the ManageProfiles UI. One way is to select the corresponding editor sheet, or open it if it is not already by right click > Editor sheets > Manage Profiles. Another way could be : right click and select ExternalActions > ManageProfiles, which opens the ManageProfiles dialog.
- Since there is no conf yet, the ManageProfiles UI is empty and only permits to activate profiles by clicking on a button
- click on this button, which creates a related, empty conf file, named xxx.workflow_conf .
NB. this would also work for any kind of EMF model.
Using existing model extensions
To enrich your (workflow) model with custom information using Aspects from existing Profiles provided in your JWT installation,
- provided the conf file is not in embeddedConf mode,
- then using the ManageProfiles dialog, select which profiles you want to activate for your (workflow) model
- then design your (workflow) model and enrich them with custom information stored in allowed aspects
- ex. creating aspects on nodes using right click on node > New Child > xxxaspect
- or merely creating new nodes which have automatically created aspects registered on it
- or using aspect-enriched views (like the "dynamic" Property PropertySheet tab, or the StaticAspect example PropertySheet tab)...
- extensions information and configuration are stored in the *_conf file, which must be provided along with your (workflow) model file
- if you try to open up a (workflow) model that uses extensions of unknown type (i.e. their EMF plugin is not installed in your Eclipse installation), the *_conf file will backed up as *_conf.bak and automatically patched by removing unknown extensions to allow you to still open the it. In the future, it will ask before doing so.
Example : use this TODO default extension.
Installing third-party model extensions
To install third-party model extensions in your JWT installation,
- if they are provided as plugin(s), install them from their update-site or put their jars in the "plugins" directory of your JWT installation and restart
- if they are provided as autodiscovered _conf and .ecore (dynamic EMF case) files, put them in the "conf" autodiscovery directory and restart
Example : try this TODO _conf file or look in jwt-we-conf-model/samples .
Creating custom aspect model extensions
Setting up simple (key-value) additional model extensions
This can be done (without code nor EMF design) thanks to the jwt-we-conf-property official JWT metamodel extension.
1. Create your own custom profile (if you don't have one already) :
- double-click on a base (workflow) model related *_conf file (or a standalone .conf file created with the Conf Wizard) to open it in the Conf Editor
- create your own custom Profile in it, ex. by right-click > New Child> Profile on the ConfModel root element. Give it a distinct name and URL.
2. Design a new Property aspect in it :
- create one (or more) aspect(s) on your Profile using right click on it > New Child > New Aspect
- then right-click on the editor, choose "Load Resource..." > "Browse Registered Plugins..." and select "org.eclipse.jwt.conf.property", so you can select jwt.we.conf.property.Property as its Aspect Instance Type,
- also give it a unique id, and select which target model element type(s) it will be available on
3. When they are ok, install your extension :
- if you were working on a (workflow) model related *_conf file, export it to a standalone .conf file. To do so, select the ManageProfile tab of the (workflow) model editor, and in the "Export profiles that are not among installed ones", choose a new target .conf file and click on the "Export" button.
- put your standalone .conf file in the "conf" autodiscovery directory of your JWT installation, or register in a plugin with the "org.eclipse.jwt.we.conf.model.conf" extension.
- If you put it to true, you can now put the (workflow) model's related ConfModel's "useEmbeddedConf" property to false again, since your new profile is available among the installed ones.
You can now use your custom designed model extensions in (workflow) models as shown previously.
NB. as said, property information and configuration are stored in the *_conf file, which must be provided along with your (workflow) model file
Example : see on the CVS at org.eclipse.jwt/we/jwt-we-plugins in jwt-we-conf-property-model/samples , and screenshot below :
On your self-designed aspect, you can
- disable "autocreated" (so it will not be automatically created on any newly created node but will have to be created explicitly),
- enable "multiple" (so more than one can be created)
- or give it a default value (works only with primitive types for now)
To test it while designing it :
- put the (workflow) model file in profile design mode, by putting the "Use Embedded Conf" property to "true" in or the PropertySheet on the ConfModel, or using the Manage Profiles tab of the (workflow) model editor
- NB. Also called "embeddedConf" mode, it allows the (workflow) model to directly use profiles available in its _conf file, and not only Profiles that are provided by the JWT installation. But you can also directly edit a .conf file, then install it and test it from a regular (workflow) model file.
- you can now add aspects on your (workflow) model element by right-clicking on it, selecting "New Child..." and from there the aspect of your choice. This works in the Conf Editor as welle as in the (workflow) model editor.
- FAQ : if your _conf file is broken (i.e. contains bad XML or EMF, or refers to unknown EMF packages), it can't be opened by the Conf Editor and only the "Enable profiles" button is avalable in the ManageProfile tab. To solve it, open it with the text editor instead, then either open it again with the Conf Editor and do right-click > Reload Conf Model, or open the ManageProfile tab and click on "Enable profiles".
- more wizards are in the works.
For advanced users : designing complex additional model extensions without code
This can be done by designing and using "dynamic EMF" aspects, i.e. with EMF design but without code : 1. design an EMF type extending jwt.we.conf.AspectInstance :
- create a new EMF model file near your (workflow) model file by using the Eclipse New Ecore EMF model wizard
- in it, name its package as you want and create there a new EMF type
- in the sample EMF editor, right-click on it, choose "Load Resource..." and select among plugin (devtime) resources jwt-we-conf-model's the ConfMetaModel.ecore , so you can let your new type extend jwt.we.conf.AspectInstance using the Extend Type dialog
- design your custom model extension : add EMF attributes and references on your type, create other types or load them from other resources and refer to it...
2. then set it up in a custom Profile :
- as above for setting up custom "dynamic" Properties, open a (workflow) model-related *_conf or a standalone *.conf file with the Conf Editor, and in a custom Profile create a new Aspect
- in the Conf Editor, right-click on it, choose "Load Resource..." and select among file resources your custom metamodel, so you can let your aspect's instance type by the custom EMF type you've just designed
NB. you must provide your custom EMF metamodel file (and possible additional loaded file models), along with the _conf file in the same directory as your workflow models.
Example : see on the CVS at org.eclipse.jwt/we/jwt-we-plugins in jwt-we-plugins/jwt-we-sample-registereddynamicaspect . See screenshot below :
For developers : developing complex additional model extensions using EMF-generated code
This can be done by designing a custom EMF metamodel and generating its code to be used in Aspects :
- use the Eclipse new EMF plugin project wizard to create a new project with an EMF model in it and its .genmodel companion file for configuring java code generation
- see above how to design in this new EMF model your own type extending jwt.we.conf.AspectInstance
- open the companion .genmodel file and configure it accordingly, then use it to generate the model and .edit code, and optionally .editor code.
- then again, see above how to set it up in a custom Profile, and export it to its own .conf file.
- Finally, register this .conf file in the project's plugin.xml using the "org.eclipse.jwt.we.conf.model.conf" extension point, along with the EMF model.
- NB. this solution of registering the conf file can also be used in the "dynamic" EMF case above (though it is arguably too heavy a solution for dynamic EMF).
Example : see on the CVS at org.eclipse.jwt/we/jwt-we-plugins
- Logging : in jwt-we-plugins/jwt-we-sample-logging and its jwt-we-plugins/jwt-we-sample-logging.edit companion project.
- StaticAspect : in jwt-we-plugins/jwt-we-sample-staticaspect and its jwt-we-plugins/jwt-we-sample-staticaspect.edit companion project.
- Existing aspect model extensions for JWT at JWT_Metamodel_Extensions/Official, JWT_Metamodel_Extensions/Labelized and JWT_Metamodel_Extensions/Others
- Ideas of what to do with it in JWT_Metamodel_Extension_Specifications/Requirements
- How they fit int the whole JWT_Metamodel
- Their initial specifications: JWT Metamodel Extension Specifications
For other EMF-based tool developers : enriching a model with extensions
WARNING: this is only of interest if you're developing your own EMF-based tool and are interested in JWT Aspect metamodel extensions to let your own model accept custom information.
EMF model extension alternatives
Here we provide a short foray into EMF model extension alternatives. For more information, look up JWT Metamodel Extension Specifications.
If you're developing an EMF-based tool, there are three ways to add custom information to an EMF model :
- extend an existing type of the model with your own type. This is only interesting to create well identified subtypes, i.e. that could have been provided in the base model beforehand. If it is the case, please consider contributing it to JWT's core metamodel. To enable child extenders, extensibleProviderFactory="true" has to be set on the genModel package of the EMF class you want to extend, and on your side you have to set childCreationExtenders="true" on the genModel package of your extending EMF class. See an example in jwt-we-plugins/jwt-we-sample-aspectchildextenders and Ed Merks' blog at http://ed-merks.blogspot.com/2008/01/creating-children-you-didnt-know.html .
- add instances of your own type to an openly typed reference (Any, EObject...). This is a good all-around solution but requires that such a reference exists in the model, and doesn't provide management of information coming from different third-party providers. Therefore we didn't do so in JWT.
- manage instances of your own types in another model that let them refer to the main model's elements. This non-intrusive solution works with any model without prerequisite and allows to share type extensions between model types. In JWT, Aspects do this in a simple, typed way that allows for having custom-information coming from different third-party providers, while the genmodel file is a more complex example.
Allowing aspects (jwt-we-conf*) in your EMF model
- put the aspects (jwt-we-conf*) plugins in your plugin Feature
- let your model plugin depend from jwt-we-conf and the base classes of your EMF.edit's ItemProviders extend AspectsEnrichedItemProviderAdapter rather than BaseItemProvider. To achieve this, set in your extending EMF class' genmodel root the "Provider Root Extends Class" property to org.eclipse.jwt.we.conf.aspects.provider.AspectEnrichedItemProviderAdapter, and regenerate your EMF .edit java code. This enables right-click > New Child > aspectxxx commands, as well as aspect behaviours (mainly autocreated aspects). NB. Alternatively, you can write its code in your root generated class.
- that's it ! If you want, you can now also develop a custom Property Sheet tab for your aspect, or a view, an editor sheet...
Aspect model extension samples
Logging Aspect sample
Provide a simple Aspect that has business meaning, like an Aspect for configuring Logging level on an Action.
Available in the CVS under org.eclipse.jwt/we/jwt-we-plugins in the jwt-we-sample-logging and jwt-we-sample-logging.edit projects.
See screenshots in the latest slides of the ESE '09 Aspect Oriented Modeling presentation.
- a property typed by a predefined enumeration (for logging) such as "WARN", "SEVERE", "INFO". This translates to a listbox in the property sheet UI.
- a dedicated "Logging" property tab in the property sheet
- an installed conf comprising of a single aspect definition allowing Logging aspect instances to decorate Actions
- sample workflows with Logging conf and instance decorations on Actions.
See samples mentioned within each previous paragraph.
Summarizing them all, available in the CVS under org.eclipse.jwt/we/jwt-we-plugins :
- Standalone Dynamic Aspect sample
- Registered Dynamic Aspect sample
- Static Aspect sample
- Child Extenders Aspect sample : shows how to combine Aspects with EMF Child Extenders (which could also be used on their own).