Many eclipse.org projects now produce update sites containing p2 metadata. Now that everyone is producing this metadata, the obvious question that arises is how do people building products and packages consume this metadata? Everyone is accustomed to consuming Eclipse project output in the convenient form of zip files:
- zips are easily replicated to company mirrors, which reduces bandwidth costs for both producers and consumers
- zips are a reliable and consistent input for builds. If you keep the input zips around, you can reproduce an old build easily and reliably
- power users can hack together applications by unzipping various zips into the Eclipse dropins folder
However, there are also numerous advantages to consuming project output in the form of p2 repositories:
- Repositories can use pack200 to drastically reduce transfer costs and disk footprint
- Repositories contain p2 metadata that would otherwise need to be generated on the fly by p2 on first startup
- As projects start to produce and exploit more advanced p2 metadata, it can no longer be generated on the fly (think chmod and sym-link metadata for example)
- A project can produce a single repository containing all of their project's output. Consumers then have the flexibility to install only the portions they need. In the past this consumer flexibility was only possible by having the producer provide numerous zip files containing the different permutations of their project output. These large collections of zips are a maintenance nightmare for producers, and lead to slower builds and higher disk usage.
On the other hand, remote repositories don't make for a reliable build input. They expose builds to transient communication failures, they may change or be deleted, they add to bandwidth costs if they are consumed remotely on every build, etc.
So, how do projects offer all of the advantages of both zips and p2 repositories? The answer: zipped p2 repositories. Simply take the p2 repositories you are producing today, zip them up, and make them available on your project download page. Consumers can then download these repositories, and use them offline in all the same ways they use either zips or remote repositories today.
The following are some questions and answers related to zipped p2 repositories.
- What does a zipped repository look like?
- Zipped repositories contain the p2 files content.jar and artifacts.jar, in addition to the usual plugins and features directories. These sub-directories contain plugins and features entirely in jarred form (or .jar.pack200.gz files). These are therefore slightly different from the typical zips most projects produce today, which contain features and plug-ins in "runnable" form (some plug-ins are JARs, some are unzipped).
- I'm a power user. How do I install stuff from a zipped repository?
- Unzip the repository somewhere on your disk. Open Help > Install New Software, and type/drag/select the repository location. The list below will be populated with all the content of that repository. Install away. It is also possible to avoid the unzipping step by entering a jar URI pointing to the archive (see "What is the URI of a zipped repo?").
- Can I use a zipped repository in the dropins folder?
- Yes. Simply unzip the repository into a sub-directory of the dropins folder.
- Can I use a zipped repository in my build?
- Yes. Since Galileo M5, PDE/Build supports fetching artifacts directly from p2 repositories (local or remote), and compiling against p2 repositories. See the Eclipse M5 New and Noteworthy for details.
- What is the URI of a zipped repo?
- Without being unzipped, zipped repos can be used as input in various places in p2. The URI format for these is a jar URI of the form jar:<file URI>!/ (e.g. jar:file:///Users/Pascal/repo.zip!/ )