Difference between revisions of "EclipseLink/UserGuide/sandbox/gelernter/Extended Stored Procedure and PLSQL"

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===******SANDBOX VERSION******===
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''This page has not yet been reviewed''
  
=PLSQL Stored Function Support=
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= Extended Stored Procedure and Function Support =
  
EclipseLink provides support for calling Oracle PLSQL stored functions that return complex PLSQL data-types such as RECORD types and TABLE types. PLSQL types are not supported by Oracle JDBC, so these types must be translated to Oracle OBJECT types and VARRAY types. OBJECT types are returned as <tt>java.sql.Struct</tt> and VARRAY as <tt>java.sql.Array</tt> types in JDBC.
+
EclipseLink provides support for calling Oracle PLSQL stored functions that return complex PLSQL data-types such as RECORD types and TABLE types. PLSQL types are not supported by Oracle JDBC, so these types must be translated to Oracle OBJECT types and VARRAY types. OBJECT types are returned as <tt>java.sql.Struct</tt> types and VARRAY types are returned as <tt>java.sql.Array</tt> types in JDBC.
  
 
Use either of the following to call a stored function using PLSQL types:
 
Use either of the following to call a stored function using PLSQL types:
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*  [http://www.eclipse.org/eclipselink/api/latest/org/eclipse/persistence/annotations/NamedStoredProcedureQuery.html @NamedStoredProcedureQuery]  
 
*  [http://www.eclipse.org/eclipselink/api/latest/org/eclipse/persistence/annotations/NamedStoredProcedureQuery.html @NamedStoredProcedureQuery]  
  
To call PLSQL stored functions or procedures, you must define mirror OBJECT/VARRAY types for the RECORD/TABLE types. Use the [http://www.eclipse.org/eclipselink/api/latest/org/eclipse/persistence/annotations/Struct.html @Struct] annotation  to map OBJECT types to <tt>@Entity</tt> or <tt>@Embeddable</tt> classes.  Normally, you can use <tt>@Embeddable</tt>, unless the OBJECT type defines an Id and can be stored in a table.
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To call PLSQL stored functions or procedures, you must define mirror OBJECT and VARRAY types for the RECORD and TABLE types. Use the [http://www.eclipse.org/eclipselink/api/latest/org/eclipse/persistence/annotations/Struct.html @Struct] annotation  to map OBJECT types to <tt>@Entity</tt> or <tt>@Embeddable</tt> classes.  Normally, you can use <tt>@Embeddable</tt>, unless the OBJECT type defines an ID and can be stored in a table.
  
 
Use the following annotations to map nested OBJECT and VARRAY types:
 
Use the following annotations to map nested OBJECT and VARRAY types:
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==Examples==
 
==Examples==
  
===Oracle Stored Function Returning PLSQL Record Type===
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===Oracle Stored Function Returning PLSQL RECORD Type===
  
 +
The following example shows an Oracle stored function that returns a PLSQL <tt>RECORD</tt> type and the Java class that maps to the <tt>OBJECT</tt> type.
 +
 +
The following stored procedrure returns the PLSQL <tt>RECORD</tt> type:
  
 
<source lang="sql">
 
<source lang="sql">
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</source>
 
</source>
  
=== Using named query ===
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=== Using a Named Query ===
 
<source lang="java">
 
<source lang="java">
 
Query query = entityManager.createNamedQuery("getEmployee");
 
Query query = entityManager.createNamedQuery("getEmployee");
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===****************END OF EXAMPLE SOURCE888888888888888888===
 
= Extended Stored Procedure and Function Support  =
 
 
This document describes the EclipseLink 2.3 extended stored procedure and function support.
 
 
The extended stored procedure support includes:
 
 
*PLSQL stored functions
 
*Multiple result sets
 
*Multiple cursor output parameters
 
*Output cursors of record types
 
*Optional arguments
 
*JPA annotation and XML support for stored functions
 
*JPA annotation and XML support for PLSQL procedures and functions
 
 
<br>
 
 
These enhancements can be used by JPA, DBWS, and BPEL. '''''////Any other? Why is BPEL in here?////'''''
 
 
= Functionality  =
 
 
The [http://www.eclipse.org/eclipselink/api/latest/org/eclipse/persistence/platform/database/oracle/plsql/PLSQLStoredFunctionCall.html <tt>PLSQLStoredFunctionCall</tt>] class (a subclass of [http://www.eclipse.org/eclipselink/api/latest/org/eclipse/persistence/platform/database/oracle/plsql/PLSQLStoredProcedureCall.html <tt>PLSQLStoredProcedureCall</tt>]) provides the existing PLSQL data-type support for stored functions. '''''////existing in previous EL or in PLSQL?////'''''
 
 
[http://www.eclipse.org/eclipselink/api/latest/org/eclipse/persistence/queries/StoredProcedureCall.html <tt>StoredProcedureCall</tt>] now supports multiple result sets and multiple out cursors.
 
 
A flag will be added for multiple result sets, '''''////what is that flag? I don't see it in the Javadoc -- ah, but look below under API:////'''''
 
 
*'''''StoredProcedureCall '''''
 
**'''''setHasMultipleResultSets(boolean)'''''
 
**'''''addNamedCursorOutputArgument(String)'''''
 
**'''''addUnamedCursorOutputArgument(String)'''''
 
**'''''addOptionalArgument(String)'''''
 
 
'''''BUT THESE ARE NOT IN THE JAVADOC. ARE THEY IMPLEMENTED? ////'''''
 
 
or data queries will be supported, '''''////Does that mean ''either''the flag ''or''the queries will be supported? Which? Both? Again, I don't see anything in the Javadoc that applies to "data queries," whatever that means in this context////'''''
 
 
unless both result sets are for the same class.
 
 
Specification of multiple out cursors is already supported from JPA, the support will allow their execution. Only data queries are supported, each out cursor will contains a List of DatabaseRecords stored in the output row the same as other output parameters.
 
 
Queries will support an optional argument for stored procedures that have parameters that define a default value. If the query argument is null, and the StoredProcedureCall defines the argument to be optional, then the query's SQL will be regenerate to omit the parameter.
 
 
JPA annotation and XML support will be added for stored functions the same as stored procedures, as well as the new options to the existing stored procedure annotation and XML.
 
 
JPA annotation and XML support will be added for PLSQL procedures and functions, this will require adding annotations for Record, Table, Struct, and Array types.
 
 
= Testing  =
 
 
Extend existing foundation and JPA stored procedure tests for new types of procedure being supported.
 
 
= API  =
 
 
*StoredProcedureCall
 
**setHasMultipleResultSets(boolean)
 
**addNamedCursorOutputArgument(String)
 
**addUnamedCursorOutputArgument(String)
 
**addOptionalArgument(String)
 
*DatabaseQuery
 
**addArgument(String argumentName, Class type, boolean nullable)
 
*@NamedStoredProcedureQuery
 
**callByIndex&nbsp;: boolean
 
**multipleResultSets&nbsp;: boolean
 
*@StoredProcedureParameter
 
**optional&nbsp;: boolean
 
*PLSQLStoredFunctionCall
 
**setResult(DatabaseType)
 
*@NamedStoredFunctionQuery
 
**returnParameter&nbsp;: @StoredProcedureParameter
 
*@NamedPLSQLStoredProcedureQuery (org.eclipse.persistence.platform.oracle.annotations)
 
*@NamedPLSQLStoredFunctionQuery (org.eclipse.persistence.platform.oracle.annotations)
 
*@PLSQLParameter (org.eclipse.persistence.platform.oracle.annotations)
 
*@PLSQLRecord (org.eclipse.persistence.platform.oracle.annotations)
 
*@PLSQLTable (org.eclipse.persistence.platform.oracle.annotations)
 
 
*@Struct
 
*@Array
 
*@Structure
 
 
= Config files  =
 
 
*orm.xml
 
 
<source lang="xml">
 
<name-stored-function-query function-name="CHECK_EMP">
 
    <parameter name="EMP_ID"/>
 
    <return-parameter name="STATUS" type="java.lang.Boolean"/>
 
</name-stored-function-query>
 
<plsql-name-stored-function-query function-name="GET_EMP">
 
    <parameter name="EMP_ID" database-type="NUMERIC"/>
 
    <return-parameter name="EMP" database-type="EMP"/>
 
</plsql-name-stored-function-query>
 
<plsql-record type-name="EMP" compatible-type="EMP_TYPE" java-type="org.acme.Employee">
 
    <field name="EMP_ID" database-type="NUMERIC"/>
 
    <field name="NAME" database-type="VARCHAR"/>
 
</plsql-record>
 
</source>
 
 
= Documentation  =
 
 
Should be documented under query stored procedure section.
 
 
= Open Issues  =
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
! Issue #
 
! Owner
 
! Description / Notes
 
|-
 
| 1
 
|
 
| What package to add JPA annotations to?
 
|-
 
| 2
 
|
 
|
 
|}
 
 
= Decisions  =
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
! Issue
 
! Description / Notes
 
! Decision
 
|}
 
 
= Future Considerations  =
 
 
*Other procedure functionality.
 
 
== Headline text ==
 
 
{{EclipseLink_JPA }}
 
{{EclipseLink_JPA }}

Revision as of 09:33, 11 July 2011

EclipseLink JPA


This page has not yet been reviewed

Extended Stored Procedure and Function Support

EclipseLink provides support for calling Oracle PLSQL stored functions that return complex PLSQL data-types such as RECORD types and TABLE types. PLSQL types are not supported by Oracle JDBC, so these types must be translated to Oracle OBJECT types and VARRAY types. OBJECT types are returned as java.sql.Struct types and VARRAY types are returned as java.sql.Array types in JDBC.

Use either of the following to call a stored function using PLSQL types:

Use either of the following to call a stored procedure:

Use the following for regular stored functions and procedure that do not return complex PLSQL types:

To call PLSQL stored functions or procedures, you must define mirror OBJECT and VARRAY types for the RECORD and TABLE types. Use the @Struct annotation to map OBJECT types to @Entity or @Embeddable classes. Normally, you can use @Embeddable, unless the OBJECT type defines an ID and can be stored in a table.

Use the following annotations to map nested OBJECT and VARRAY types:


Examples

Oracle Stored Function Returning PLSQL RECORD Type

The following example shows an Oracle stored function that returns a PLSQL RECORD type and the Java class that maps to the OBJECT type.

The following stored procedrure returns the PLSQL RECORD type:

CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE EMP_PKG AS
TYPE EMP_REC IS RECORD (F_NAME VARCHAR2(30), L_NAME VARCHAR2(30), SALARY NUMBER(10,2));
FUNCTION GET_EMP RETURN EMP_REC;
END EMP_PKG;
CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY EMP_PKG AS
FUNCTION GET_EMP RETURN EMP_REC AS
  P_EMP EMP_REC;
  BEGIN P_EMP.F_NAME := 'Bob'; P_EMP.F_NAME := 'Smith'; P_EMP.SALARY := 30000;
  RETURN P_EMP;
END;
END EMP_PKG;

An OBJECT type mirror for the EMP_REC type must also be defined.

CREATE OR REPLACE TYPE EMP_TYPE AS OBJECT (F_NAME VARCHAR2(30), L_NAME VARCHAR2(30), SALARY NUMBER(10,2))

Defining a Java Class to Map to OBJECT type

@Embeddable
@Struct(name="EMP_TYPE", fields={"F_NAME", "L_NAME", "SALARY"})
public class Employee {
 @Column(name="F_NAME")
 private String firstName;
 @Column(name="L_NAME")
 private String lastName;
 @Column(name="SALARY")
 private BigDecimal salary;
 ...
}

Using JpaEntityManager createQuery() API to Execute a PLSQL Stored Function

import javax.persistence.Query;
import org.eclipse.persistence.platform.database.orcle.plsql.PLSQLStoredFunctionCall;
import org.eclipse.persistence.queries.ReadAllQuery;
 
DataReadQuery databaseQuery = new DataReadQuery();
PLSQLrecord record = new PLSQLrecord();
record.setTypeName("EMP_PKG.EMP_REC");
record.setCompatibleType("EMP_TYPE");
record.setJavaType(Employee.class);
record.addField("F_NAME", JDBCTypes.VARCHAR_TYPE, 30);
record.addField("L_NAME", JDBCTypes.VARCHAR_TYPE, 30);
record.addField("SALARY", JDBCTypes.NUMERIC_TYPE, 10, 2);
PLSQLStoredFunctionCall call = new PLSQLStoredFunctionCall(record);
call.setProcedureName("EMP_PKG.GET_EMP");
databaseQuery.setCall(call);
 
Query query = ((JpaEntityManager)entityManager.getDelegate()).createQuery(databaseQuery);
Employee result = (Employee)query.getSingleResult();

Using @NamedPLSQLStoredFunctionQuery to Define a Stored Function

@NamedPLSQLStoredFunctionQuery(name="getEmployee", functionName="EMP_PKG.GET_EMP",
    returnParameter=@PLSQLParameter(name="RESULT", databaseType="EMP_PKG.EMP_REC"))
@Embeddable
@Struct(name="EMP_TYPE", fields={"F_NAME", "L_NAME", "SALARY"})
@PLSQLRecord(name="EMP_PKG.EMP_REC", compatibleType="EMP_TYPE", javaType=Employee.class,
    fields={@PLSQLParameter(name="F_NAME"), @PLSQLParameter(name="L_NAME"), @PLSQLParameter(name="SALARY", databaseType="NUMERIC_TYPE")})
public class Employee {
 ...
}

Using a Named Query

Query query = entityManager.createNamedQuery("getEmployee");
Employee result = (Employee)query.getSingleResult();


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