EclipseLink/UserGuide/JPA/Basic JPA Development/Mapping/Basic Mappings/Lazy Basics
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JPA specifies that lazy loading is a hint to the persistence provider that data should be fetched lazily when it is first accessed, if possible.
If you are developing your application in a Java EE environment, you only have to set fetch to javax.persistence.FetchType.LAZY, and EclipseLink persistence provider will supply all the necessary functionality.
When using a one-to-one or many-to-one mapping in a Java SE environment, to configure EclipseLink JPA to perform lazy loading when the fetch attribute is set to FetchType.LAZY, configure either dynamic or static weaving.
When using a one-to-one or many-to-one mapping in a Java SE environment that does not permit the use of -javaagent on the JVM command line, to configure EclipseLink JPA to perform lazy loading when annotation attribute fetch is set to javax.persistence.FetchType.LAZY, you can use static weaving.
The EclipseLink JPA Support for Lazy Loading by Mapping Type table, below, lists EclipseLink JPA support for lazy loading by mapping type.