Difference between revisions of "EclipseLink/UserGuide/JPA/Basic JPA Development/Configuration/JPA/persistence.xml"

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A persistence unit configures various details that are required when you acquire an entity manager. You specify a persistence unit by name when you acquire an entity manager factory.  
 
A persistence unit configures various details that are required when you acquire an entity manager. You specify a persistence unit by name when you acquire an entity manager factory.  
  
You configure persistence units in the JPA persistence descriptor file: '''persistence.xml'''. This file should be in the '''meta-inf/''' directory of your persistence unit JAR file, or classpath.
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You configure persistence units in the JPA persistence descriptor file: '''persistence.xml'''. This file should be in the '''meta-inf/''' directory of your persistence unit JAR file or in the classpath.
 +
 
 +
In this file, you can specify the vendor extensions that this reference describes by using a '''<properties>''' element.
 +
 
 +
<source lang="xml">
 +
<persistence-unit name="default" transaction-type="RESOURCE_LOCAL">
 +
  <provider>org.eclipse.persistence.jpa.PersistenceProvider</provider>
 +
 
 +
  <!-- By default your mappings can be defined in orm.xml file, -->
 +
  <!-- which is discovered automatically.                      -->                                   
 +
  <mapping-file>META-INF/my-mappings.xml</mapping-file>
 +
  ...
 +
  <jar-file>my-additional-jar.jar</jar-file>
 +
  ...
 +
  <!-- Enables auto discovery of persistent classes, -->
 +
  <!-- otherwise they must be listed using <class>  -->
 +
  <exclude-unlisted-classes>false</exclude-unlisted-classes>
 +
 
 +
  <properties>
 +
    ...
 +
  </properties>
 +
</persistence-unit>
 +
</source>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==How to Specify thu specify a persistence unit by name when you acquire an entity manager factory.
 +
 
 +
You configure persistence units in the JPA persistence descriptor file: '''persistence.xml'''. This file should be in the '''meta-inf/''' directory of your persistence unit JAR file or in the classpath.
  
 
In this file, you can specify the vendor extensions that this reference describes by using a '''&lt;properties&gt;''' element.  
 
In this file, you can specify the vendor extensions that this reference describes by using a '''&lt;properties&gt;''' element.  
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{{EclipseLink_Note|note=In EclipseLink 1.1, this property was '''eclipselink.jdbc.user'''.}}
 
{{EclipseLink_Note|note=In EclipseLink 1.1, this property was '''eclipselink.jdbc.user'''.}}
  
* '''javax.persistence.jdbc.password''' - Standard JPA 2.0 database password for JSE deployments<br />
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* '''javax.persistence.jdbc.password''' - Standard JPA 2.0 database password for JSE deploym
{{EclipseLink_Note|note=In EclipseLink 1.1, this property was '''eclipselink.jdbc.password'''. }}
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{{EclipseLink_JPA
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|previous=[[EclipseLink/UserGuide/JPA/Basic JPA Development/Configuration|Configuration]]
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|next=[[EclipseLink/UserGuide/JPA/Basic_JPA_Development/Configuration/JPA/Annotations|Annotations]]
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|up=[[EclipseLink/UserGuide/JPA/Basic JPA Development/Configuration|Configuration]]
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|version=2.2.0 DRAFT}}
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Revision as of 12:37, 21 March 2011

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persistence.xml

A persistence unit configures various details that are required when you acquire an entity manager. You specify a persistence unit by name when you acquire an entity manager factory.

You configure persistence units in the JPA persistence descriptor file: persistence.xml. This file should be in the meta-inf/ directory of your persistence unit JAR file or in the classpath.

In this file, you can specify the vendor extensions that this reference describes by using a <properties> element.

<persistence-unit name="default" transaction-type="RESOURCE_LOCAL">
  <provider>org.eclipse.persistence.jpa.PersistenceProvider</provider>
 
  <!-- By default your mappings can be defined in orm.xml file, -->
  <!-- which is discovered automatically.                       -->                                     
  <mapping-file>META-INF/my-mappings.xml</mapping-file>
  ...
  <jar-file>my-additional-jar.jar</jar-file>
  ...
  <!-- Enables auto discovery of persistent classes, -->
  <!-- otherwise they must be listed using <class>  -->
  <exclude-unlisted-classes>false</exclude-unlisted-classes>
 
  <properties>
    ...
  </properties>
</persistence-unit>


==How to Specify thu specify a persistence unit by name when you acquire an entity manager factory.

You configure persistence units in the JPA persistence descriptor file: persistence.xml. This file should be in the meta-inf/ directory of your persistence unit JAR file or in the classpath.

In this file, you can specify the vendor extensions that this reference describes by using a <properties> element.

<persistence-unit name="default" transaction-type="RESOURCE_LOCAL">
  <provider>org.eclipse.persistence.jpa.PersistenceProvider</provider>
 
  <!-- By default your mappings can be defined in orm.xml file, -->
  <!-- which is discovered automatically.                       -->                                     
  <mapping-file>META-INF/my-mappings.xml</mapping-file>
  ...
  <jar-file>my-additional-jar.jar</jar-file>
  ...
  <!-- Enables auto discovery of persistent classes, -->
  <!-- otherwise they must be listed using <class>  -->
  <exclude-unlisted-classes>false</exclude-unlisted-classes>
 
  <properties>
    ...
  </properties>
</persistence-unit>


How to Specify the Persistence Unit Name

If you are developing your application in a Java EE environment, ensure that the persistence unit name is unique within each module. For example, you can define only one persistence unit with the name EmployeeService in an emp_ejb.jar file. The following example shows how to define the name of the persistence unit:

<persistence-unit name="EmployeeService">
Elug javaspec icon.gif

For more information, see Section 8.2.1 "persistence.xml file" in the JPA Specification.


Additional Properties

Use these persistence.xml or persistence unit properties to further configure your JPA application.

  • javax.persistence.transactionType - Standard JPA PersistenceUnitTransactionType property: JTA or RESOURCE_LOCAL
  • javax.persistence.jtaDataSource - Standard JPA JTA DataSource name.
  • javax.persistence.nonJtaDataSource - Standard JPA non-JTA DataSource name.
  • javax.persistence.jdbc.driver - Standard JPA 2.0 JDBC driver class name for JSE deployments

Elug note icon.png

Note: In EclipseLink 1.1, this property was eclipselink.jdbc.driver.

  • javax.persistence.jdbc.url - Standard JPA 2.0 JDBC URL for JSE deployments

Elug note icon.png

Note: In EclipseLink 1.1, this property was eclipselink.jdbc.url.

  • javax.persistence.jdbc.user - Standard JPA 2.0 database user for JSE deployments

Elug note icon.png

Note: In EclipseLink 1.1, this property was eclipselink.jdbc.user.

  • javax.persistence.jdbc.password - Standard JPA 2.0 database password for JSE deploym