EclipseLink/UserGuide/JPA/Basic JPA Development/Caching/Shared and Isolated
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EclipseLink defines three cache isolation levels. The cache isolation level defines how caching for an entity is performed by the persistence unit and the persistence context.
The cache isolation levels are:
- Isolated - entities are only cached in the persistence context, not in the persistence unit
- Shared - entities are cached both in the persistence context and persistence unit, read-only entities are shared and only cached in the persistence unit
- Protected - entities are cached both in the persistence context and persistence unit, read-only entities are isolated and cached in the persistence unit and persistence context
The isolated cache (L1) is the cache stored in the persistence context. It is a transactional or user session based cache. Setting the cache isolation to isolated for an entity disables its shared cache. With an isolated cache all queries and find operations will access the database unless the object has already been read into the persistence context and refreshing is not used.
Use a isolated cache to do the following:
- avoid caching highly volatile data in the shared cache;
- achieve serializable transaction isolation;
- use the Oracle Virtual Private Database (VPD) feature (see Oracle Virtual Private Database (VPD)).
Each persistence context owns an initially empty isolated cache. The persistence context's isolated cache is discarded when the persistence context is closed, or the
EntityManager.clear() operation is used.
When you use an
EntityManager to read an isolated entity, the
EntityManager reads the entity directly from the database and stores it in the persistence context's isolated cache. When you use an
EntityManager to read a shared entity, the
EntityManager reads the shared entity from the persistence unit's shared cache. If the shared entity is not in the persistence unit's shared cache, it will read it from the database and store a copy in the persistence unit's shared cache, and another copy in the persistence context's isolated cache.
The persistence context can access the data source using a connection pool or an exclusive connection. The persistence unit property
"eclipselink.jdbc.exclusive-connection.mode" can be used to use an exclusive connection. Using an exclusive connection provides improved user-based security for reads and writes. Specific queries can also be configured to use the persistence context's exclusive connection.
Oracle Virtual Private Database (VPD)
Oracle Database Server provides a server-enforced, fine-grained access control mechanism called Virtual Private Database (VPD). VPD ties a security policy to a table by dynamically appending SQL statements with a predicate to limit data access at the row level. You can create your own security policies, or use Oracle's custom implementation of VPD called Oracle Label Security (OLS). For more information on VPD and OLS, see the following:
To use the Oracle Database VPD feature in your EclipseLink-enabled application, an isolated cache should be used.
Any entity that maps to a table that uses VPD should have the descriptor configured as isolated.
When you use VPD, you typically should also use exclusive connections.
To support VPD, you are responsible for implementing session event handlers that the EclipseLink runtime invokes during the persistence context's life cycle. The session event handler you must implement depends on whether or not you are using Oracle Database proxy authentication (see VPD with Oracle Database Proxy Authentication and VPD Without Oracle Database Proxy Authentication).
VPD with Oracle Database Proxy Authentication
If you are using Oracle Database proxy authentication, you should implement a session event handler for the following session events:
By using Oracle Database proxy authentication, you can set up VPD support entirely in the database. That is, rather than session event handlers to execute SQL, the database performs the required setup in an after login trigger using the proxy session_user.
VPD Without Oracle Database Proxy Authentication
If you are not using Oracle Database proxy authentication, you must implement session event handlers for the following session events:
- postAcquireExclusiveConnection: used to perform VPD setup at the time EclipseLink allocates a dedicated connection to an isolated session and before the isolated session user uses the connection to interact with the database.
- preReleaseExclusiveConnection: used to perform VPD cleanup at the time the isolated session is released and after the user is finished interacting with the database.
In your implementation of these handlers, you can obtain the required user credentials from the associated session's properties.