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EclipseLink/Examples/JPA/OC4J Web Tutorial

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Revision as of 15:30, 9 April 2008 by (Talk | contribs) (EclipseLink JPA Deployed on OC4J using Eclipse WTP)

EclipseLink JPA Deployed on OC4J using Eclipse WTP

Note: This page started on 20080409 is in edit progress for 72 hours until 20080412

This basic example details how to use Eclipse to run/debug a minimum J2EE web application servlet (No JSF or Spring presentation and controller layer) using EclipseLink JPA as the persistence provider.

Development Environment

Hardware: Windows Vista SP1, HP Core2Quad, 2.4Ghz, 3Gb Ram Software: Eclipse 3.4 M5 Ganymede (Feb 2008) with all 5 WTP packages (DTP 1.6, EMF 2.4, GEF 3.4, WTP 3.0, XSD 2.4), Oracle 11g DB, Java JDK 1.5.0_11, OC4J Preview 3

This example will run fine with Eclipse 3.3 and any DB that EclipseLink supports.


Install Eclipse I installed a clean version of Eclipse Ganymede M5 with all of WTP 3.0

Install a DB like Oracle (10g/11g/XE) In this example I have created all table schemas manually and generated all annotated entities using the Eclipse Dali tool.

Install OC4J11

Here I installed to the following directory. C:\opt\oc4j11samba Where OC4J_HOME=C:/opt/oc4j11samba/j2ee/home

Edit oc4j11 config $OC4J_HOME/config/data-sources.xml

 <managed-data-source name="OracleDS"
   connection-pool-name="local oracle11g"
 <connection-pool name="local oracle11g">
   <connection-factory factory-class="oracle.jdbc.pool.OracleDataSource"

Place eclipselink.jar inside OC4J The eclipselink.jar should be placed as noted by config/server.xml in the directory $OC4J_HOME/applib

 <shared-library name="global.libraries" version="1.0" library-compatible="true">
   <code-source path="../applib"/>

Create server in Eclipse Open the servers view New | Server | Oracle | Oracle OC4J Standalone Server (it is ok to use this one for 11.1.1) I had to change my admin user from oc4jadmin to fmwadmin.

Create J2EE application Check out the 3 example projects or create your own J2EE Enterprise Application. File | new | project | J2EE | Enterprise Application Project Select server, use 5.0 Ear version Create a new Web and an optional EJB project Select generate deployment descriptor if you want to change the context-root

Path changes

<classpathentry combineaccessrules="false" kind="src" path="/eclipselink.core"/> <classpathentry combineaccessrules="false" kind="src" path="/eclipselink.jpa"/>

After creation, reference eclipselink.core and eclipselink.jpa or include a reference to eclipselink.jar

Persistence.xml Put persistence.xml in projectWeb\src\META-INF

<persistence version="1.0" xmlns="" xmlns:xsi="" xsi:schemaLocation="">

   <persistence-unit name="statJPATopLinkJ2EE" transaction-type="RESOURCE_LOCAL">

… other entity classes

           <property name="eclipselink.jdbc.driver" value="oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver"/>
           <property name="" value=""/>            
           <property name="eclipselink.logging.level" value="FINEST"/>


Start server Select the Ear (or the War) and Run on Server. The first run may not start the server, here you start the server and then Run on Server.

Publish EAR In the predeploy of the War you should see weaving messages for your entities if logs are set to FINEST in persistence.xml

Depending on your application you will see

Action> Start Server

In your console window you will see two processes one for the server and the second for the deploy target.

Oracle OC4J SA Server localhost [Generic Server] C:\jdk1.5.0\bin\javaw.exe (Apr 9, 2008 9:06:19 AM) <terminated>jpaELTestEAR module publisher [Ant Build] <terminated, exit value: 0>C:\jdk1.5.0\bin\javaw.exe (Apr 9, 2008 9:06:36 AM)

If you click on the deploy target you will see the deploy logs...

Buildfile: C:\eclipse34\plugins\org.eclipse.jst.server.generic.oc4j_1.5.105.v20071217\buildfiles\oracle.10.1.3.xml check.skip.ear.deploy: deploy.j2ee.ear: package.module.ear:

     [jar] Building jar: C:\opt\oc4j11samba\j2ee\home\applications\jpaELTestEAR.ear

[oracle:deploy] Deploying application jpaELTestEAR. [oracle:deploy] 08/04/09 09:06:39 Notification ==>Uploading file jpaELTestEAR.ear ... [oracle:deploy] 08/04/09 09:06:39 Notification ==>Application Deployer for jpaELTestEAR STARTS. ... [oracle:deploy] 08/04/09 09:06:41 Notification ==>Application Deployer for jpaELTestEAR COMPLETES. Operation time: 2155 msecs [oracle:deploy] Application deployer for jpaELTestEAR COMPLETES. BUILD SUCCESSFUL Total time: 5 seconds

If you click on the server console you will see 08/04/09 09:06:21 WARNING: Bulk-load class 'oracle.j2ee.naming.ldap.ucp.SASSLSocketFactory' not found in /C:/opt/oc4j11samba/j2ee/home/lib/oc4j-internal.jar (from <code-source> in META-INF/boot.xml in C:\opt\oc4j11samba\j2ee\home\oc4j.jar) 08/04/09 09:06:21 WARNING: Bulk-load class '' not found in oc4j: Apr 9, 2008 9:06:23 AM oracle.j2ee.xml.XMLMessages warningException WARNING: Exception Encountered 08/04/09 09:06:25 JMS server will listen on port 9127. 08/04/09 09:06:26 oracle.j2ee.jms JMSServer startup complete. 08/04/09 09:06:26 SEVERE: AbstractInfo.getAnnotation oracle.webservices.annotations.async.AsyncWebService cannot be found in the given classpath. 08/04/09 09:06:26 SEVERE: AbstractInfo.getAnnotation oracle.webservices.annotations.async.AsyncWebService cannot be found in the given classpath. 08/04/09 09:06:27 Don't know how to map non-serializable type: interface to Open MBean Type. 08/04/09 09:06:28 WARNING: J2EE JNDI-00002 08/04/09 09:06:28 WARNING: No javax.jms.ConnectionFactory found at null 08/04/09 09:06:29 Oracle Containers for J2EE 11g ( initialized. 08/04/09 09:06:39 Application Deployer for jpaELTestEAR STARTS. ... 08/04/09 09:06:39 Started application : jpaELTestEAR 08/04/09 09:06:39 Binding jpaELTestWeb web-module for application jpaELTestEAR to site default-web-site under context root jpaELTest [EPS Finest]: 2008.04.09 09:06:39.893--ServerSession(23543153)--Thread(Thread[DeployerRunnable Thread for jpaELTestEAR,9,SystemThreadGroup])--Begin predeploying Persistence Unit statJPATopLinkJ2EE; state Initial; factoryCount 0 ... [EPS Finer]: 2008.04.09 09:06:39.924--ServerSession(23543153)--Thread(Thread[DeployerRunnable Thread for jpaELTestEAR,9,SystemThreadGroup])--Searching for default mapping file in file:/C:/opt/oc4j11samba/j2ee/home/applications/jpaELTestEAR/jpaELTestWeb/WEB-INF/classes/ [EPS Finer]: 2008.04.09 09:06:39.940--ServerSession(23543153)--Thread(Thread[DeployerRunnable Thread for jpaELTestEAR,9,SystemThreadGroup])--Found a default mapping file at file:/C:/opt/oc4j11samba/j2ee/home/applications/jpaELTestEAR/jpaELTestWeb/WEB-INF/classes/META-INF/orm.xml for root URL file:/C:/opt/oc4j11samba/j2ee/home/applications/jpaELTestEAR/jpaELTestWeb/WEB-INF/classes/ ... [EPS Finer]: 2008.04.09 09:06:40.783--ServerSession(23543153)--Thread(Thread[DeployerRunnable Thread for jpaELTestEAR,9,SystemThreadGroup])--Class [] registered to be processed by weaver. ... [EPS Finest]: 2008.04.09 09:06:40.783--ServerSession(23543153)--Thread(Thread[DeployerRunnable Thread for jpaELTestEAR,9,SystemThreadGroup])--End predeploying Persistence Unit statJPATopLinkJ2EE; state Predeployed; factoryCount 1 [EPS Finest]: 2008.04.09 09:06:41.033--ServerSession(23543153)--Thread(Thread[DeployerRunnable Thread for jpaELTestEAR,9,SystemThreadGroup])--Begin weaver class transformer processing class [org/eclipse/persistence/example/navigation/business/StatClass]. [EPS Finest]: 2008.04.09 09:06:41.079--ServerSession(23543153)--Thread(Thread[DeployerRunnable Thread for jpaELTestEAR,9,SystemThreadGroup])--End weaver class transformer processing class [org/eclipse/persistence/example/navigation/business/StatClass]. ... 08/04/09 09:06:41 Binding web application(s) to site default-web-site ends... 08/04/09 09:06:41 Application Deployer for jpaELTestEAR COMPLETES. Operation time: 2155 msecs

At this time you can initialize your application in a browser - notice the use of the non-jta datasource>

This url command will initialize the EntityManager

   		emf = Persistence.createEntityManagerFactory(puName);
   		entityManager = emf.createEntityManager();

Console Output>

08/04/09 09:19:29 Action: init [EPS Finest]: 2008.04.09 09:19:29.634--ServerSession(2059288)--Thread(Thread[HTTPThreadGroup-1,9,HTTPThreadGroup])--Begin deploying Persistence Unit statJPATopLinkJ2EE; state Predeployed; factoryCount 2 [EPS Warning]: 2008.04.09 09:19:29.868--ServerSession(2059288)--Thread(Thread[HTTPThreadGroup-1,9,HTTPThreadGroup])--PersistenceUnitInfo statJPATopLinkJ2EE has transactionType RESOURCE_LOCAL and therefore jtaDataSource will be ignored [EPS Info]: 2008.04.09 09:19:29.884--ServerSession(2059288)--Thread(Thread[HTTPThreadGroup-1,9,HTTPThreadGroup])--EclipseLink, version: Eclipse Persistence Services - 1.0 (Build SNAPSHOT - 20080403) [EPS Config]: 2008.04.09 09:19:30.289--ServerSession(2059288)--Connection(17254324)--Thread(Thread[HTTPThreadGroup-1,9,HTTPThreadGroup])--connecting(DatabaseLogin( platform=>OraclePlatform user name=> "stat" connector=>JNDIConnector datasource name=>null )) [EPS Config]: 2008.04.09 09:19:30.289--ServerSession(2059288)--Connection(16022259)--Thread(Thread[HTTPThreadGroup-1,9,HTTPThreadGroup])--Connected: jdbc:oracle:thin:@// User: STAT Database: Oracle Version: Oracle Database 11g Release - Production Driver: Oracle JDBC driver Version: [EPS Finest]: 2008.04.09 09:19:30.289--ServerSession(2059288)--Thread(Thread[HTTPThreadGroup-1,9,HTTPThreadGroup])--sequencing connected, state is Preallocation_NoTransaction_State [EPS Finest]: 2008.04.09 09:19:30.289--ServerSession(2059288)--Thread(Thread[HTTPThreadGroup-1,9,HTTPThreadGroup])--sequence STAT_CLASS_SEQ_GENERATOR: preallocation size 25 [EPS Info]: 2008.04.09 09:19:30.336--ServerSession(2059288)--Thread(Thread[HTTPThreadGroup-1,9,HTTPThreadGroup])--file:/C:/opt/oc4j11samba/j2ee/home/applications/jpaELTestEAR/jpaELTestWeb/WEB-INF/classes/-statJPATopLinkJ2EE login successful [EPS Finest]: 2008.04.09 09:19:30.336--ServerSession(2059288)--Thread(Thread[HTTPThreadGroup-1,9,HTTPThreadGroup])--End deploying Persistence Unit statJPATopLinkJ2EE; state Deployed; factoryCount 2

Exercise your application in a browser><100

Browser Output>

action: query JPQL: select object(e) from StatClass e where<100 99 Results 1

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