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Difference between revisions of "EclipseLink/Examples/JPA/Dynamic"

(Example)
(Creating and Entity on the Fly)
Line 15: Line 15:
  
 
=== Creating and Entity on the Fly ===
 
=== Creating and Entity on the Fly ===
 +
 +
In this example (<pre>testing.PUWithoutXML#createSimpleDynamicEntity()</pre>) an EntityManagerFactory is bootstrapped without a persistence.xml and then a dynamic entity type is defined. After this the dynamic entity can be used through standard JPA queries and transactions.
 +
 +
==== Creating the EMF ====
 +
 +
<source lang=java>
 +
DynamicClassLoader loader = new DynamicClassLoader(null,
 +
DynamicEntity.class);
 +
SEPersistenceUnitInfo puInfo = new SEPersistenceUnitInfo();
 +
puInfo.setClassLoader(loader);
 +
puInfo.setPersistenceUnitName("dynamic");
 +
// This root URL config should go away when bug 225321  is fixed
 +
puInfo
 +
.setPersistenceUnitRootUrl(new URL(
 +
"file:/C:/Eclipse/EclipseLink/trunk/examples/org.eclipse.persistence.example.jpa.dynamic/classes/"));
 +
 +
EntityManagerSetupImpl setup = new EntityManagerSetupImpl();
 +
setup.predeploy(puInfo, null);
 +
// This replaces Persistence.createEntityManagerFactory
 +
EntityManagerFactory emf = new EntityManagerFactoryImpl(setup,
 +
EclipseLinkJPATest.getEMFProperties());
 +
 +
</source>
 +
 +
==== Define a new Dynamic Entity Type ====
 +
 +
<source lang=java>
 +
EntityType employeeType = EntityTypeFactory.create("Blah",
 +
"model.Blah", "BLAH", loader);
 +
EntityTypeFactory.addBasicProperty(employeeType, "id", "ID",
 +
Integer.class, true);
 +
EntityTypeFactory.addBasicProperty(employeeType, "firstName", "F_NAME",
 +
String.class, false);
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EntityTypeFactory.addBasicProperty(employeeType, "lastName", "L_NAME",
 +
String.class, false);
 +
EntityTypeFactory.addToPersistenceUnit(emf, employeeType);
 +
 +
Assert.assertEquals(Integer.class, employeeType.getDescriptor()
 +
.getCMPPolicy().getPKClass());
 +
</source>
 +
 +
==== Creating the Tables ====
 +
 +
EclipseLink's SchemaManager can be used to drop/create the tables. Use with caution.
 +
 +
<source lang=java>
 +
new SchemaManager(JpaHelper.getServerSession(emf))
 +
.replaceDefaultTables();
 +
</source>
 +
 +
==== Using the Dynamic Entity ====
 +
 +
<source lang=java>
 +
EntityManager em = emf.createEntityManager();
 +
 +
DynamicEntity blah1 = (DynamicEntity) em.find(employeeType
 +
.getJavaClass(), 1);
 +
Assert.assertNull(blah1);
 +
 +
em.getTransaction().begin();
 +
 +
blah1 = employeeType.newInstance();
 +
blah1.set("id", 1);
 +
 +
em.persist(blah1);
 +
em.getTransaction().commit();
 +
 +
em.clear();
 +
 +
blah1 = (DynamicEntity) em.find(employeeType.getJavaClass(), 1);
 +
Assert.assertNotNull(blah1);
 +
</source>
  
 
=== Dynamic Entities using ORM.XML ===
 
=== Dynamic Entities using ORM.XML ===

Revision as of 12:04, 2 April 2008

Catnicon.gifThis page is under construction. See bug 225026 for more information

How to use dynamic JPA persistence

This how-to illustrates how EclipseLink can be extended to deliver all of its JPA functionality in a dynamic scenario where no Java class exists for the entity and optionally where no XML is provided. This allows the EclipseLink JPA solution to be used in more dynamic environments where either the mode is unknown at development time or the application is simply dynamic in nature.

Dynamic Entity Extension

Example

The dynamic entity extension is currently illustrated through test cases in the example.


Creating and Entity on the Fly

In this example (
testing.PUWithoutXML#createSimpleDynamicEntity()
) an EntityManagerFactory is bootstrapped without a persistence.xml and then a dynamic entity type is defined. After this the dynamic entity can be used through standard JPA queries and transactions.

Creating the EMF

		DynamicClassLoader loader = new DynamicClassLoader(null,
				DynamicEntity.class);
		SEPersistenceUnitInfo puInfo = new SEPersistenceUnitInfo();
		puInfo.setClassLoader(loader);
		puInfo.setPersistenceUnitName("dynamic");
		// This root URL config should go away when bug 225321  is fixed
		puInfo
				.setPersistenceUnitRootUrl(new URL(
						"file:/C:/Eclipse/EclipseLink/trunk/examples/org.eclipse.persistence.example.jpa.dynamic/classes/"));
 
		EntityManagerSetupImpl setup = new EntityManagerSetupImpl();
		setup.predeploy(puInfo, null);
		// This replaces Persistence.createEntityManagerFactory
		EntityManagerFactory emf = new EntityManagerFactoryImpl(setup,
				EclipseLinkJPATest.getEMFProperties());

Define a new Dynamic Entity Type

		EntityType employeeType = EntityTypeFactory.create("Blah",
				"model.Blah", "BLAH", loader);
		EntityTypeFactory.addBasicProperty(employeeType, "id", "ID",
				Integer.class, true);
		EntityTypeFactory.addBasicProperty(employeeType, "firstName", "F_NAME",
				String.class, false);
		EntityTypeFactory.addBasicProperty(employeeType, "lastName", "L_NAME",
				String.class, false);
		EntityTypeFactory.addToPersistenceUnit(emf, employeeType);
 
		Assert.assertEquals(Integer.class, employeeType.getDescriptor()
				.getCMPPolicy().getPKClass());

Creating the Tables

EclipseLink's SchemaManager can be used to drop/create the tables. Use with caution.

		new SchemaManager(JpaHelper.getServerSession(emf))
				.replaceDefaultTables();

Using the Dynamic Entity

		EntityManager em = emf.createEntityManager();
 
		DynamicEntity blah1 = (DynamicEntity) em.find(employeeType
				.getJavaClass(), 1);
		Assert.assertNull(blah1);
 
		em.getTransaction().begin();
 
		blah1 = employeeType.newInstance();
		blah1.set("id", 1);
 
		em.persist(blah1);
		em.getTransaction().commit();
 
		em.clear();
 
		blah1 = (DynamicEntity) em.find(employeeType.getJavaClass(), 1);
		Assert.assertNotNull(blah1);

Dynamic Entities using ORM.XML

This does not yet work - see TO DO list

Try It Out

The example is being developed with the EclipseLink Example component at:

/svnroot/technology/org.eclipse.persistence/trunk/examples/org.eclipse.persistence.example.jpa.dynamic

In the future a zip will be available download with setup and run instructions.

Outstanding Work

This how-to is based on an extension to EclipseLink JPA. The functionality needs to be consolidated into the project leveraging the existing dynamic support introduced in EclipseLink SDO.

TO DO:

  • Add support for using JPA ORM.XML and EclipseLink ORM.XML. At present the metadata processor always validates the existence of the field or standard get method on the class.
  • Consolidate the SDO approach for a base dynamic entity class with this one in the Foundation component
  • Minimize the introduction of yet another meta model. This will be done either through usage of the existing Descriptor/Mapping model or through some generalization of the SDO meta-model basics within Foundation.