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Revision as of 01:38, 16 May 2009 by Bourges.laurent.gmail.com (Talk | contribs) (Using Log4J)

How do I integrate with a third party logging framework

EclipseLink's default logging is based on Java (1.4 an higher) java.util.logging but is also extensible to allow other logging frameworks to be used.

This how-to example will illustrate how other logging solutions such as Log4J and Apache common logging can be easily used with EclipseLink.


How to configure a custom logger in JPA

Logging Extension Basics

Customizing EclipseLink to use another logging framework or integrate with an existing logging infrastructure involves:

  1. Implementing your own SessionLog
  2. Configuring the use of your SessionLog

Using Log4J

Two bug reports exist for that point :

  1. : apache commons logging & log4J integration
  2. : documentation

The first deals about apache commons Logging 1.1 & Log4J integration with eclipseLink 1.x and the second about Log4J integration only.

Both propose custom implementations for the abstract SessionLog class.

How to use Log4J :

- add apache commons logging 1.1 & log4J libraries in your classpath

- add the sample log4.xml in your classpath : log4j.xml template

- add the following classes in the org.eclipse.persistence.logging package of your own project : CommonsLoggingSessionLog class : FastLogFormatter class

- add the following lines to your persistence.xml :

<!-- custom SessionLog implementation to use apache commons logging 1.1 API (so log4J) -->
<property name="eclipselink.logging.logger" value="org.eclipse.persistence.logging.CommonsLoggingSessionLog"/>

- Compile & deploy your code : that's done.

About log4J levels & eclipselink log levels :

Altough the log4j.xml defines a log4J level for the 'org.eclipse.persistence' logger, the CommonsLoggingSessionLog overrides that level at runtime to be compatible with the chosen eclipselink.logging.level :

For example, in log4j.xml :

  <logger name="org.eclipse.persistence">
    <level value="info"/>

In persistence.xml :

# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Logging level :
#        OFF \u2013 disables logging
#        SEVERE \u2013 logs exceptions indicating EclipseLink cannot continue, as well as any exceptions generated during login. This includes a stack trace.
#        WARNING \u2013 logs exceptions that do not force EclipseLink to stop, including all exceptions not logged with severe level. This does not include a stack trace.
#        INFO \u2013 logs the login/logout per sever session, including the user name. After acquiring the session, detailed information is logged.
#        CONFIG \u2013 logs only login, JDBC connection, and database information.
#        FINE \u2013 logs SQL.
#        FINER \u2013 similar to warning. Includes stack trace.
#        FINEST \u2013 includes additional low level information. 
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
eclipselink.logging.level = SEVERE

However, you should check that your root logger and appenders are well defined to produce log outputs (console, files or whatever appender ...)

Change Log levels at runtime : As you may not know, log4J levels can be changed at runtime for debug purposes : see the CommonsLoggingSessionLog#setLevel() method :

     * PUBLIC:  Set the log level to a logger with name space extracted from the given category.
     * @param level value according to the java.util.logging.Levels
     * @param category category
    public final void setLevel(final int level, final String category)

Using Apache Commons Logging

An eclipselink bug report exists : https://bugs.eclipse.org/bugs/show_bug.cgi?id=232240

It deals about apache commons Logging 1.1 & Log4J integration with eclipseLink 1.0 (so 1.1 should be supported too).

To use Apache Commons Logging without Apache Log4J, you can get inspired by this class : https://bugs.eclipse.org/bugs/attachment.cgi?id=104821

Just remove any reference to org.apache.log4j classes ...

please contribute to eclipselink then.