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(Function invocation)
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This kind of statement invokes a function.  If the function invoked this way returns a value, that value is ignored.
 
This kind of statement invokes a function.  If the function invoked this way returns a value, that value is ignored.
  
 +
This is "hello world" in EGL.  The single statement in the program passes the string "Hello world!" to the function SysLib.writeStdout.
 
<source lang="java">
 
<source lang="java">
 
program HelloWorld
 
program HelloWorld

Revision as of 13:00, 14 February 2012

EGL provides two kinds of statements:

  • General statements such as if and while, for processing the data that is immediately available to your logic.
  • Action statements such as add and call, for accessing external data sources or invoking external logic.

Statement syntax

EGL statements are composed of keywords, expressions, operators, and punctuation. Most end with a semicolon. Other statements -- those which can contain other statements -- end with the keyword end. All statements can span multiple lines, and extra whitespace is insignificant, so you may format your code however you prefer.

Comments

Comments may appear anywhere in an EGL source file. EGL supports two kinds of comments:

  • Line comments start with the characters // and stop at the end of the current line.
  • Block comments start with the characters /* and stop with the characters */. Block comments can span multiple lines.

In this example, the variable x is assigned 1 and the variable y is assigned 2.

x = // This is a line comment.
1;
y /* This is a block comment.  It
     extends
  over
        five
     lines. */  =  /* This is another block comment. */   2;

The previous example has the same effect as these statements:

x = 1;
y = 2;

General statements

The general statements are assignment, case, continue, declaration, exit, for, function invocation, if, return, throw, try, use, and while.

Assignment

An assignment statement gives a value to a variable or an element of a list. The source of the assignment can be any expression whose type is compatible with the assignment's target. If the source and target don't have the same type, the source will be converted to the target's type.

function areaOfCircle(radius int) returns(float)
   pi decimal(9,8);
 
   pi = 3.14159265;
   area float = pi * radius * radius;
   return(area);
end

Case

The case statement responds to conditions at run time by executing one set of statements rather than another:

  • You can test a criterion value. The following example invokes mySecondFunction:
function test()
   x Int = 3; 
 
   case (x)
      when (1)
         myFirstFunction();
      when (2, 3, 4)
         mySecondFunction();      
      otherwise
         myDefaultFunction();
   end   
end
  • You can test a set of logical expressions. The following example displays only "x passes":
function test()
   x Int = 3;
   y Int = 5;
   z Int = 7;
 
   case
      when (x == 3)
         SysLib.writeStdOut("x passes");
      when (y == 5)
         SysLib.writeStdOut("y passes");
      when (z == 7)
         SysLib.writeStdOut("z passes");
      otherwise
         SysLib.writeStdErr("You will not see this message.");
      end
   end 
end

As shown, no more than one clause ever executes. Control does not “fall through” from one clause to the next.


Continue

The continue statement returns control to the start of a block of code controlled by a for, forEach, or while statement. The statement lets you return to a labeled statement of one of those kinds, or to the nearest embedding statement of one of those kinds.

Here is an example:

inputList int[] = [2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16];
 
for(i int from 1 to inputList.getSize() by 1)
   SysLib.writeStdOut(inputList[i]);
 
   if((i % 3) != 0)
      continue;
   end // if
 
   SysLib.writeStdOut(" ");
end

The code displays each integer on its own line, inserting a blank line after each group of three.

Declaration

New variables are created using declaration statements. A declaration consists of the name of the new variable, followed by its type.

Declarations can optionally include an initializer, which assigns an initial value to the new variable. Variables declared without an initializer have the default value for their type (zero, the empty string, false, null, etc.).

Multiple variables of the same type can be declared in a single statement. Simply put a comma between each variable's name. If a declaration of multiple variables has an initializer, all of the variables are assigned the same initial value.

name string;  // Declares a variable called 'name' of type string.
row, column int;  // Declares two ints.
defaultName string = "Action";  // A declaration with an initializer.
defaultRow, defaultColumn int = 10;  // Declares and initializes two ints.

Exit

The exit statement exits from a function, program, service, or run unit; or from a block of code controlled by a case, for, forEach, if, or while statement.

For

The for statement runs a set of statements in a loop that repeats until a counter exceeds a specified value.

The example code shows three variations of a for statement that adds the same set of numbers.

program MyTestProgram
 
   function main()
      inputList int[] = [10, 4, 6, 8, 2];
      numberInList int = inputList.getSize();
      sum = 0;
 
      // the first for loop increments by 1.
      for(i int from 1 to numberInList)
         sum = inputList[i] + sum;
      end
 
      SysLib.writeStdOut("sum after the first for loop is " + sum);
      sum = 0;
 
      // the second for loop has the same effect but specifies the increment value. 
      for(i int from 1 to numberInList by 1)
         sum = inputList[i] + sum;
      end
 
      SysLib.writeStdOut("sum after the second for loop is " + sum);
      sum = 0;
 
      // the third for loop starts at the opposite side of the list and decrements by 1
      for(i int from numberInList to 1 decrement by 1)
         sum = inputList[i] + sum;
      end
 
      SysLib.writeStdOut("sum after the third for loop is " + sum);
   end
end

In each case, the variable i was local to the for statement. Here is an alternative:

i int;
 
for(i from 1 to numberInList)
   sum = inputList[i] + sum;
end

After that code ends, the value of i is available and equals numberInList + 1

Function invocation

This kind of statement invokes a function. If the function invoked this way returns a value, that value is ignored.

This is "hello world" in EGL. The single statement in the program passes the string "Hello world!" to the function SysLib.writeStdout.

program HelloWorld
  function main()
    SysLib.writeStdout( "Hello world!" );
  end
end

Function invocations are also a kind of expression, so they can appear in many other places, such as the source of an assignment, or as an argument to another function invocation.

If

The if statement runs a set of statements if a logical expression resolves to true. The optional else keyword marks the start of an alternative set of statements that run only if the logical expression resolves to false.

The following code shows how to embed If statements in other If statements.  

program MyTestProgram
 
   // A binary search finds a value in a sorted (preferably short) list.
   function binarySearch(list int[], lowIndex int, highIndex int, value int) returns(int)
 
      while(true)
         middleIndex int = (lowIndex + highIndex) / 2;
 
         if(list[middleIndex] == value)
            return(middleIndex);
         else
            if(list[middleIndex] >= value)
               highIndex = middleIndex - 1;
            else
               if(list[middleIndex] < value)
                  lowIndex = middleIndex + 1;
               end
            end
         end
 
         if(highIndex < lowIndex)
            return(-1);
         end
      end
   end
 
 
   function main()
 
      myNumbers int[] =[-6, -1, 2, 4, 7, 9 ];
      valueOfInterest int = -1;
 
      lowestIndex int = 1;
      highestIndex int = myNumbers.getSize();
 
      location int = binarySearch(myNumbers, lowestIndex, highestIndex, valueOfInterest);
 
      if (location == -1)
         SysLib.writeStdOut("Did not find " + valueOfInterest + ".");
      else
         SysLib.writeStdOut("The value of interest is " + valueOfInterest +
                            ", at location " + location + ".");
      end
   end
end



Return

 

Throw

 

Try

 

Use

 

While

 


Action statements

The action statements are add, call, close, delete, execute, forEach, get, open, and prepare.

Except for the call statement, all are now used for accessing a relational database.


Add

 


Call

In EDT version .8:

call MyInterfaceType.theFunction)  using "binding.myService" 
                                   returning to myCallBackFunction
                                   onException myExceptionHandler;

In EDT version .7:

myService MyServiceType?{@Resource};
call myServiceVariable.theFunction() returning to myCallBackFunction
                                     onException myExceptionHandler;

For further details, see Accessing a service

Close

 


Delete

 


Execute

 


ForEach

 


Get

 


Open

 


Prepare

 


Replace

 




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