EDT:Tutorial: RUI With DataBase Lesson 6

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Access a database with EGL Rich UI


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Lesson 6: Add code for the service functions

In EGL, I/O statements such as add and get access data that resides in different kinds of persistent data storage, from file systems to queues to databases. The coding is similar for the different cases.

In this lesson, you add functions that access rows in a relational database. Add the functions in order, before the final end statement in SQLService.egl.

Create binding to database connection

In Lesson 3, you defined a database connection named Derby'. Use these steps to use the Derby connection from your SQL service.

  1. EGL projects have associated deployment descriptor (.egldd) files. Click on PaymentService in the project explorer and select Properties > EGLDevelopmentDeploymentDescriptor" to see that file PaymentService.egldd was created when you defined project Payment Service. Click on OK to close the properties window.Deployment descriptor property for service project.
  2. Open file PaymentService.egldd with the EGL employment descriptor editor. Open deployment descriptor for service project.
  3. Select the Resource Bindings folder
  4. Add a new resource binding named DerbyResource of binding type SQL database binding.
  5. Select radio button Reference the selected workspace connection below [retrieved at runtime].
  6. Select Derby connection details.
  7. Clink on Finish.Add SQL binding to deployment descriptor.
  8. Close file PaymentServices.egldd

== Using an SQL resource binding in service program

Insert a dataSource variable in the service program following the program name:

  package services;
  
  service SQLService
  	ds dataSource? { @Resource { bindingKey="Derby" } } ;   
  end

The syntax directs the service to use the binding named "Derby" defined as a resource in the deployment descriptor file associated with the service project.

Handling SQL exceptions

SQL operations can fail for a multitude of reasons. For our simple example, our service will catch all SQL and log all SQL exceptions on the server and then throw the exception back to the service client. It will also log each service invocation.

Cut and paste these logging function to the service program before the final 'end statement:

Add a payment record

Include a function to the service program that uses the add statement to insert a new row to the database.

To code the function:

  1. In the EGL editor, copy and paste the following lines into SQLService.egl before

the end statement:

  function addPayment(newPayment paymentRec inOut)

add newPayment;

  end

  1. Before you continue, you must resolve the reference to

the paymentRec Record part. You can automatically create import statements by using the Organize Imports feature. Right-click any blank area in the editor and click EGL Source > Organize Imports. EGL adds the following statement to the beginning of the file:

  import records.paymentRec;

The reference is now resolved. You will use this feature often, whether by selecting the menu item or by pressing Ctrl-Shift-O.

  1. Save the file (Ctrl-S), and then place your cursor anywhere

in the add statement. Press keys CTRL-1 and select Add SQL Statement from the popup menu This feature changes the implicit SQL that underlies the EGL add statement into embedded code that you can modify:

  add newPayment to ds with
     #sql{ 
     	insert into PAYMENT
     		(CATEGORY, DESCRIPTION, AMOUNT, FIXED_PAYMENT, DUE_DATE, 
     		PAYEE_NAME, PAYEE_ADDRESS1, PAYEE_ADDRESS2)
     	values
     		(?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?)
     } ;

Notice the PAYMENT_ID field is not included in the record fields added to the table. The @GeneratedValue annotation for the field in the record definition tells the EGL SQL builder not to explicitly add the column.

Related reference

[../../com.ibm.egl.lr.doc/topics/regl_data_sql_add.html add considerations for SQL] [../../com.ibm.egl.lr.doc/topics/regl_core_function.html Functions] [../../com.ibm.egl.lr.doc/topics/regl_core_import.html import] [../../com.ibm.egl.lr.doc/topics/regl_data_sql_overview.html SQL data access]

Read all database records

The getAllPayments function uses the get statement with an array object to read all of the records from the table and stores them in an array.

To code the function:

  • In the EGL editor, copy and paste the following lines into SQLService.egl before

the end statement:

  function getAllPayments() returns (paymentRec[])
     paymentArray paymentRec[];
     get paymentArray from ds;
     return (paymentArray);
  end

The EGL get statement generates an SQL SELECT statement to retrieve a result set. When the target of the get statement is a dynamic array of records, EGL retrieves all matching rows from the result set and inserts each successive row into the next array element.

  • As with the statement, you may place the cursor anywhere in the statement and press CNTL-1 to see the SQL statement EGL will use to retrieve the rows. You may again save the default statement and modify it if it does do what you want.
  • Save the file.

Related reference

[../../com.ibm.egl.lr.doc/topics/regl_data_sql_get.html get considerations for SQL]

Replace a record

The editPayment function replaces an existing row in the database with an edited version. The default statement replaces all records in the table that have key values equal to the contents of the key fields in the record variable. Key fields are those fields declared with the @Id attribute (field payment_id in our example).

To code the function:

  1. In the EGL editor, copy and paste the following lines into SQLService.egl before the end statement: function editPayment(chgPayment paymentRec inOut) replace chgPayment to ds ; end The EGL replace statement generates an SQL UPDATE statement.
  2. Save the file. </ol> Related reference
    [../../com.ibm.egl.lr.doc/topics/regl_data_sql_replace.html replace considerations for SQL]

    Delete a record

    The deletePayment function deletes the specified record from the table.

    To code the function:


    1. In the EGL editor, copy and paste the following lines into SQLService.egl before the end statement: function deletePayment(delPayment paymentRec inOut) try delete delPayment nocursor; onException(exception SQLException) if(SQLLib.sqlData.sqlState != "02000") // sqlState is of type CHAR(5) throw exception; end end end The EGL delete statement generates an SQL DELETE statement. If no rows are present, the Derby database returns an SQLState value of "02000", and the EGL runtime code throws an exception that the function catches: that is, processes in some onException logic. When a function catches but ignores an exception, processing continues without interruption. That rule applies to the preceding logic, when the value of SQLState is "02000". When a function uses the throw statement to throw an exception, the exception stays active. That rule also applies to the preceding logic, when the value of SQLState is other than "02000". At run time, if a service does not handle an exception, the service requester receives an exception of type ServiceInvocationException. Incidentally, if the service cannot be accessed, the requester receives an exception of type ServiceInvocationException or ServiceBindingException, depending on the details of the error.
    2. Save the file.

    Related reference

    [../../com.ibm.egl.lr.doc/topics/regl_data_sql_delete.html delete considerations for SQL] [../../com.ibm.egl.lr.doc/topics/regl_core_xcpt.html Exception handling]

    Create test data

    The createDefaultTable function creates a set of data for testing your completed application.

    To code the function:


    1. In the EGL editor, copy and paste the following lines into SQLService.egl before the end statement: function createDefaultTable() returns (paymentRec[]) try execute #sql{ delete from PAYMENT }; onException(exception SQLException) if (SQLLib.sqlData.sqlState != "02000") // sqlState is of type CHAR(5) throw exception; end end; ispDate DATE = dateTimeLib.dateValueFromGregorian(20110405); addPayment(new paymentRec{category = 1, description = "Apartment", amount = 880, fixedPayment = YES}); addPayment(new paymentRec{category = 2, description = "Groceries", amount = 450, fixedPayment = NO}); addPayment(new paymentRec{category = 5, description = "ISP", amount = 19.99, fixedPayment = YES, dueDate = ispDate }); return (getAllPayments()); end The code acts as follows:
      • The EGL execute statement runs a literal SQL statement that deletes all rows from the PAYMENT table.
      • The ispDate variable receives a date value from the dateTimeLib.dateValueFromGregorian() system function. The content of the variable is then in a format that is appropriate for insertion into the dueDate field in the database.
      • The addPayment function is repeatedly invoked to add new rows to the PAYMENT table.
      • The call to the getAllPayments function returns an array of rows that were retrieved from the table.
    2. Press Ctrl-Shift-F to format the code. If you see any red Xs, compare your code with the finished code in Code for PaymentFileMaintenance.egl after lesson 6
    3. Save and close the file.

    Related reference

    [../../com.ibm.egl.lr.doc/topics/regl_data_sql_execute.html execute considerations for SQL] [../../com.ibm.egl.lr.doc/topics/regl_core_date_date_value_greg.html dateValueFromGregorian()]

    Lesson checkpoint

    You learned how to complete the following tasks:

    • Add embedded SQL code to a program and modify that code
    • Automatically create and organize import statements

    In the next lesson, you will create a widget to hold the table of expense data.


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