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COSMOS Programming Model

Revision as of 11:52, 4 February 2008 by David whiteman.us.ibm.com (Talk | contribs) (Preparing Development Environment)

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COSMOS provides a framework for collecting and visualizing data for system administration applications. By leveraging the COSMOS framework and providing the necessary extensions, programmers can quickly and easily create applications for collecting data from disparate data sources, and making data available through standard-based APIs or an easy-to-use user interface. This document explains the programming model used in extending the COSMOS framework.

Creating a Data Manager

Preparing Development Environment

Please find instructions for setting up development environment for i8 here.


The COSMOS demo and SDK provided on the download page include some examples for creating data managers or management data repositories (MDR). Developers are encouraged to run the demo program to get familiar with the functions provided by COSMOS, and use the examples as guidance.

Class Diagram

The following diagram depicts the class hierarchy of the COSMOS data manager framework.

Note the symmetry of the diagram. Classes on the left are implementation classes of the server logic. APIs are exposed through the Java interfaces in the middle of the diagram. The same set of interfaces are used by remote client classes on the right side.

The AbstractDataManager class provides basic functionality for registering with COSMOS brokers and handles various resource management and configuration capabilities. AbstractMdr class provides a framework for providing logic for interpreting a CMDBf query, and translating the CMDBf query to a language that the application understands.

To create a data manager that does not support CMDBf query, you will need to subclass from the AbstractDataManager class, and provide custom APIs to expose application functions as web services. For example, the logging data manager provided in the SDK has the following class hierarchy.


To create an MDR, subclass from the AbstractMdr class, and provide the necessary implementations to extend the CMDBf query interpretation framework. More details about how to extend the framework will be provided in the next section. The SML repository MDR provided in the example has the following class hierachy.


Creating an MDR

This section has step-by-step instructions for creating an MDR.

  • Create a plug-in project: In the "Target Platform" section, select "an OSGi framework", and select "standard" from the dropdown box. Click next to provide plugin ID, name, etc, and click Finish.
  • Edit the MANIFEST.MF file in the Plug-in Manifest Editor. On the Dependencies tab, add the following dependencies and save the file:
    • org.apache.muse.complete
    • org.eclipse.cosmos.dc.mdr
  • Create a class in this bundle that provides the implementation of the MDR. This class corresponds to org.eclipse.cosmos.example.mdr.ExampleMdr in the Example MDR in the SDK.
    • Annotate the class as a ManagedResource
    • Extend AbstractMDR class
    • Implement IDataManager and IMdrQuery (Although the superclass already implements these interfaces, we need this step as a temporary workaround for a bug in the management bundle.) The class signature looks something like this:
public class MyMDR extends AbstractMdr implements IDataManager, IMdrQuery
  • Implement the getQueryHandlerFactory method, which is an abstract method from the super class. This method should return an instance of org.eclipse.cosmos.dc.cmdbf.services.query.service.IQueryHandlerFactory. A query handler factory is a factory class that creates handlers for CMDBf query. Read more about the CMDBf query processing framework from the Providing a CMDBf Query and Registration Service wiki page.
  • An activator class is generated when the OSGi bundle is created. Open the Activator java file in the editor. COSMOS framework comes with an abstract activator that contains code required by the activators of all data managers. Make the following updates in the activator java class:
    • Remove the "start" and "stop" method stubs generated by the eclipse.
    • Make the Activator class extend AbstractDataManagerActivator
    • Implement the getDataManagerInstance abstract method. The method will return an instance of the class that implements the capabilities. The activator will look like the following.
public class Activator extends AbstractDataManagerActivator {

	protected IDataManager getDataManagerInstance() {
		return new MyDataManager();

  • Provide data manager configuration file: add a file call config.properties in the META-INF directory. This file contains configurable parameters for the data manager. The keys in the properties files are defined as constants in the IDataManager interface. The config values can be retrieved from the data manager implementation class using the getConfigProperty method inherited from AbstractDataManager. Here is a template of the config file:
# Resource ID of the Data Manager

# Display name of the Data Manager

# Description of the Data Manager
DESCRIPTION=An example of an MDR

# Path to a file that store the EPR of the management domain

Providing Custom Capabilities

A data manager can expose operations that are not part of the CMDBf specification by providing a custom capability and implementation.

The convention is to put code for the data manager in three bundles:

  1. API bundle: This "common" bundle is used by both the server and the client. (e.g. org.eclipse.cosmos.dc.stat.datamgr.common)
  2. Implementation bundle: Server code that provides implementation of the custom capability. (e.g. org.eclipse.cosmos.dc.stat.datamgr)
  3. Client proxy: remote API for the data manager. (e.g. org.eclipse.cosmos.dc.stat.datamgr.client)

A capability is declared as a Java interface. (See org.eclipse.cosmos.dc.datamanager.example.api.ICustomCapability as an example. Please note the following components in the capability interface:

  • The interface declaration is decorated by the following annotation. Namespace is declared as a public constant in the interface class.
  • Methods are decorated by the @ManagedOperation annotation.
  • The URI and QName of each operation and their parameters are also declared in the interface.

The steps for creating the implementation bundle is same as those used to create a basic MDR as described in the previous section. The difference is that the data manager implementation class will also implement the custom capability API in the class declaration, and provide the implementation in the class.

Client proxy for the MDR and Data Manager

The org.eclipse.cosmos.dc.sandbox.datamanager.client and org.eclipse.cosmos.dc.sandbox.mdr.client bundles provide the client proxies for the data manager and MDR. If the client application is simply invoking the COSMOS data manager capabilities and the CMDBf query API remotely, this two client implementation is sufficient. (For an example, see how the client application uses the proxies in the test code in org.eclipse.cosmos.dc.sandbox.datamanager.test.)

Subclass from MDRClient or DataManagerClient when you need to provide a client proxy of a data manager that provides custom capabilities.

Running the MDR within Eclipse

  • Select Run > Open Run Dialog...
  • Create a new OSGi Framework profile.
  • Select all plug-ins in the workspace and deselect all plugins in the Target platform. Then click on "Add Required Bundles" button.
  • Select a few extra bundles from the target platform:


  • Then click the "Add Required Bundles" button again.
  • Click "Run" button.