Make sure your Git system settings contain the property
core.autocrlf=true. This is very important so that neither you nor other developers (or the Hudson build) ends up with lots of changed files directly after checkout or, even worse, commit/push wrong line endings. Here's a screenshot of the setting in EGit:
How to create a patch
EGit can only create patches describing a single commit. This is inadequate, because it's highly likely that you'll commit many times onto a local branch before you're ready to create a single patch covering that series of changes.
Fortunately Git itself makes patch creation very easy. The most versatile format of its diff command is:
# git diff <commit1> <commit2> > mypatch.txt
Where <commit1> and <commit2> can be anything identifying a commit, e.g. a branch name, a tag name, a SHA1 commit-ID, or 'HEAD'. This creates a patch 'mypatch.txt' describing the differences between commit1 and commit2. (Remember that in Git a commit is a snapshot, not a changeset. Therefore, any two commits can be compared.) There are other ways of using git diff, but this is the most generic way of invoking it.
If you're creating a patch for review, then the patch should apply cleanly against origin/master.
This suggests the following workflow:
- Develop on a local development branch, committing as often as you like
- Merge origin/master into your development branch whenever you want, but at least once, right before you create your patch.
- Commit the merge, if it wasn't committed automatically. (Git's default behavior is to commit automatically if there are no conflicts.)
- Run 'git diff' as follows: git diff origin/master HEAD (assuming that your dev branch is checked out, which makes HEAD reference it)
How to apply a patch
A patch created by 'git diff' is in the unified diff format, basically the same as the output format of 'diff -c'
on a *Nix platform. Eclipse cannot apply such a patch. You'll have to use a "real" patch processor, such
as Git itself, or GNU patch.
With Git, you can apply a patch by invoking Git as follows:
~/my/git/repo# git apply /path/to/mypatch.txt
Or you can apply it with GNU patch as follows:
~/my/git/repo# patch -p1 < /path/to/mypatch.txt